Contrats

La responsabilité des États en cas de violation des contrats d’investissement

Cet ouvrage tente de combler l’absence d’une étude détaillée enquêtant sur les sources, le contenu, les caractéristiques et l’évolution du droit relatif à la responsabilité de l’État en cas de violation des contrats d’investissement, et en les analysant.

Le seul arbitrage connu au titre d’un traité d’investissement contre la Guinée équatoriale échoue pour des raisons de compétence

Grupo Francisco Hernando Contreras, S.L. c. la République de Guinée équatoriale, Affaire CIRDI n° ARB(AF)/12/2

L’investissement dans les terres arables et les droits d’accès à l’eau en Afrique : les régimes juridiques convergent autour de la terre et de l’eau

L’accès à l’eau est le moteur de la hausse des investissements étrangers dans les terres agricoles. Pourtant, l’accent étant mis sur «l’accaparement des terres» et la sécurité alimentaire, les problèmes liés à l’eau ont reçu peu d’attention. Il est essentiel de comprendre tous les régimes juridiques applicables et les droits de toutes les parties prenantes.

Consent to Arbitration Through National Investment Legislation

National investment codes[1] may function as potential sources of international investment law. In other words, states may make unilateral undertakings within the framework of national investment legislations and, as a result, be considered as having “created international obligation[s]”.[2] The addressees of national investment legislations are foreign investors as well as the state that is itself […]

Principles for responsible contracts: Integrating the management of human rights risks into State-investor contract negotiations

The UN shines a spotlight on business and human rights In July 2005, the then United Nations Secretary-General Kofi Annan appointed John Ruggie as his Special Representative on Business and Human Rights. Ban Ki-Moon continued the appointment, and this June Ruggie delivered his final report to the Human Rights Council.  Ruggie’s mandate is highly significant […]

Going public to improve investment in agriculture

The public began to hunger for information about investment in the agriculture sector when a massive wave of foreign investment in farmland and water was triggered, in 2008, by a confluence of the biofuels boom, global food crisis, sharp spike in oil prices and the financial crisis. Alarming information started to emerge in the media. […]

Rethinking investor-state contracts through a sustainable development lens

In recent years, economic liberalisation, improved transport and communication systems, and the global demand for energy, minerals and agricultural commodities have fostered investment in agriculture, mining and petroleum projects in many poorer countries. For some commentators, this trend provides new opportunities to promote growth, generate public revenues and create employment in countries that have limited […]

Foreign investment contracts in the oil & gas sector: A survey of environmentally relevant clauses

The oil and gas industry faces increasingly strict environmental standards in developed countries. However, the majority of the world’s proven oil reserves are in developing countries and economies in transition, which often lack sophisticated regimes for environmental protection. Even when legislative frameworks are well developed, there are often deficiencies in capacity and an unwillingness to […]

ITN  |  septembre 22, 2008

Ecuador hallado culpable por violación de contratos de compraventa de energía eléctrica y tratado de inversión

Por Damon Vis-Dunbar 29 de Agosto de 2008 El proveedor de electricidad Electroquil SA fue otorgado US$ 5.578.566 más intereses producto de varias violaciones de contratos de compraventa de energía eléctrica (en inglés, PPAs) respaldados por el gobierno de Ecuador. Si bien Ecuador también fue encontrado culpable por haber infringido el tratado bilateral de inversiones […]

Occidental Petroleum Corporation and Occidental Exploration and Production Company v. the Republic of Ecuador: US oil company passes jurisdictional hurdle in arbitration with Ecuador

By Damon Vis-Dunbar 22 September 2008 A tribunal has accepted jurisdiction in a dispute that pits two petroleum companies against the Government of Ecuador, allowing the case to proceed to the merits stage. The two claimants, Occidental Petroleum Company (OPC) and Occidental Exploration and Production Company (OEPC), are seeking more than US$ 3 billion after […]