CNUDMI

Financiamiento por Terceros y los Objetivos de los Tratados de Inversión: ¿Amigos o enemigos?

Este artículo analiza las últimas tendencias en el uso del financiamiento por terceros (FPT) de la ISDS en base a tratados y las implicancias del FPT en la conducta de los inversores, los avances del derecho de las inversiones y la conducta del Estado receptor. El FPT ha sido planteado en dos procesos multilaterales que actualmente están en curso: las conversaciones para enmendar el reglamento de arbitraje del CIADI y la reforma multilateral de la ISDS en la CNUDMI. Dada la naturaleza restringida de los debates sobre FPT en el CIADI, las autoras presentan las justificaciones pertinentes para que los formuladores de políticas consideren la prohibición parcial o total del FPT en el marco de la CNUDMI.

Saga sobre Energías Renovables en España: Lecciones para el derecho internacional de las inversiones y el desarrollo sostenible

España ha enfrentado aproximadamente 40 arbitrajes desde que tomó la decisión, en 2010, de rescindir o revisar varias medidas regulatorias destinadas a atraer más inversiones en proyectos de energías renovables. Este artículo examina los laudos de cuatro de estos casos, observando en particular cómo los tribunales han interpretado y aplicado el estándar de TJE. La autora aborda los posibles problemas que surgen cuando los Estados no están seguros de cómo un tribunal podría interpretar el TJE u otros estándares, y presenta algunas posibles soluciones.

Grupo de Trabajo III de la CNUDMI: 15 de julio fecha límite para presentar propuestas de soluciones de reforma

Los delegados que participan en el proceso de reforma multilateral de la ISDS del Grupo de Trabajo III de la CNUDMI tienen hasta el 15 de julio de 2019 para presentar, ante la Secretaría de la CNUDMI, sus propuestas de reforma y el plazo para considerar estos ítems en un calendario general del proyecto. Dicho calendario ayudaría a guiar al grupo de trabajo en la fase 3 de su mandato, la cual está dirigida a elaborar soluciones para las inquietudes relacionadas con la ISDS.

Fase 2 de la Revisión de la ISDS de la CNUDMI: Por qué “otras cuestiones” importan realmente

Las discusiones de abril de 2019 sobre la reforma multilateral de la ISDS en el Grupo de Trabajo III de la CNUDMI debían abordar una serie de preguntas que surgieron en la Fase 2 del proceso. Este artículo desglosa por qué el alcance de estas discusiones debería ampliarse para incluir las importantes preocupaciones planteadas por los países en desarrollo, y describe tres temas centrales que no deben ignorarse. Estos implican el derecho a la participación de las partes afectadas; el Estado de derecho y la jurisdicción de los tribunales nacionales; y el enfriamiento de la autoridad y la responsabilidad de los Estados soberanos para gobernar.

Fase 2 de la Revisión de la ISDS de la CNUDMI: Porqué “otras cuestiones” importan realmente

La CNUDMI confirió al Grupo de Trabajo III un amplio mandato para que considerara la posible reforma de la ISDS. En la Fase 1, los gobiernos identificaron y analizaron las inquietudes en torno a la ISDS. La Fase 2, donde evaluaron si era deseable emprender una reforma a la luz de estas inquietudes, se encuentra muy avanzada. En la próxima reunión, a realizarse en Nueva York en abril de 2019, se espera concluir esta fase y decidir cómo pasar a la fase final, donde los gobiernos desarrollarán soluciones pertinentes para recomendar a la Comisión. Esta nota aborda tres cuestiones centrales relativas la crisis de legitimidad que enfrenta el sistema internacional de inversiones que deberían informar lo que resta de la Fase 2.

La Reforma Multilateral de ISDS Es Deseable: Qué sucedió en la reunión de la CNUDMI en Viena y cómo prepararse para abril de 2019 en Nueva York

El grupo de trabajo III de la CNUDMI ha decidido que una reforma multilateral es deseable para responder a las diversas inquietudes sobre ISDS. En la próxima reunión se identificarán otras inquietudes que pueden haberse omitido y se preparará un plan de trabajo para desarrollar soluciones. Este artículo revisa el proceso de la CNUDMI hasta hoy y ayuda a los gobiernos a prepararse para la próxima sesión.

El Borrador del Modelo de TBI Holandés de 2018: Una evaluación crítica

El 16 de mayo de 2018, el Ministerio de Asuntos Exteriores holandés publicó su nuevo borrador del modelo de tratado bilateral de inversión (TBI) . El borrador del modelo, que estuvo a disposición para comentarios públicos hasta el 18 de junio de 2018, busca reemplazar el modelo de TBI de 2004 y ser utilizado para la renegociación de los 79 TBIs holandeses existentes con países no pertenecientes a la UE y para la negociación de acuerdos futuros.

ITN  |  marzo 13, 2017

Awards and Decisions

ICSID tribunal dismisses claims brought against Indonesia based on forged mining licences Churchill Mining PLC and Planet Mining Pty Ltd v. Republic of Indonesia, ICSID Case No. ARB/12/14 and ICSID Case No. ARB/12/40 Inaê Siqueira de Oliveira [*] After rendering separate decisions on jurisdiction¾one for the case brought by British company Churchill Mining PLC under the United […]

Renco failed to comply with formal waiver requirement under U.S.–Peru Trade Promotion Agreement

Renco Group Inc. v Republic of Peru, UNCT/13/1 An arbitral tribunal under the Arbitration Rules of the United Nations Commission on International Trade Law (UNCITRAL) declared that U.S.-based investor Renco Group Inc. (Renco) failed to comply with the waiver requirement under the United States–Peru Trade Promotion Agreement (TPA). Accordingly, the tribunal declined to exercise jurisdiction […]

NAFTA tribunal orders Canada to pay U.S. wind power developer more than CAD28 million

Windstream Energy LLC v. Government of Canada, PCA Case No. 2013-22  An arbitral tribunal under Chapter 11 of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) has reached the award stage. Although dismissing the discrimination and indirect expropriation claims, the tribunal upheld the claim of failure to provide fair and equitable treatment (FET), and ordered Canada […]

New UNCITRAL Arbitration Rules on Transparency: Application, Content and Next Steps

In July 2013, the United Nations Commission on International Trade Law (UNCITRAL) adopted a package of rules aiming to ensure transparency in investor-State arbitration, ratifying the work done by delegations to UNCITRAL—comprised of 55 Member States, additional observer States and observer organizations—over the course of nearly three years of negotiations. With the adoption of the new rules, there is now a carefully negotiated and widely approved template that can serve as a model for how to conduct investor-State arbitrations transparently.

ITN  |  abril 13, 2012

Awards and Decisions

US court vacates award against Argentina BG Group Plc v. Argentina Lise Johnson A US appellate court has vacated an award against Argentina in a decision that may give investors pause before attempting to bypass treaty provisions requiring that they first pursue their claims in the host state’s courts. The long course of the dispute […]

ITN  |  abril 13, 2012

Negotiations on UNCITRAL Transparency Provisions Reach Critical Juncture

Negotiations over transparency in investor-state arbitrations have reached a critical juncture heading into an October 2012 meeting in Vienna. During the last meeting in February 2012, a large number of countries, developed and developing, strongly supported options to ensure transparency in investor-state disputes that are settled under the arbitration rules of the United Nations Commission […]

Venezuela’s Withdrawal From ICSID: What it Does and Does Not Achieve

In January 2012, the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela denounced the ICSID Convention,[1] becoming the third country – after Bolivia and Ecuador – to do so. The exit from the global forum for the settlement of investment disputes signals these countries’ apparent loss of faith in the system and raises questions about the Convention’s fitness for […]

ITN  |  enero 12, 2012

Awards and Decisions

Arbitrator sharply critical of majority decision in Italian bondholder claim against Argentina Abaclat and Others (Case formerly known as Giovanna a Beccara and Others) v. Argentine Republic, ICSID Case No. ARB/07/5 Damon Vis-Dunbar Professor Georges Abi-Saab has delivered a sharply worded dissent against a decision that granted jurisdiction to an ICSID case involving tens of […]

ITN  |  enero 12, 2012

News in Brief

Philip Morris files for arbitration over intellectual property dispute with Australia The tobacco company Philip Morris filed for arbitration on 21 November 2011, claiming the government of Australia’s regulations on cigarette branding breach the Hong Kong-Australia bilateral investment treaty. The announcement arrived on the same day that the Australian Parliament passed legislation that bans most […]

ITN  |  abril 7, 2011

News in Brief

Working group moves slowly on agreement for transparency in UNCITRAL Arbitration Rules A working group of the United Nations Commission on International Trade Law (UNCITRAL) met from 7-11 February 2011 in New York to discuss public access to information about disputes between investors and states under the UNCITRAL Arbitration Rules. The meeting marked the second […]

ITN  |  diciembre 16, 2010

News in Brief

European Union institutions consider the EU’s future international investment policy Debate on the future of the European Union’s international investment policy is heating up as EU institutions weigh in with their recommendations. With the entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty on 1 December 2009, the EU received exclusive competence over foreign direct investment, which […]

The transparency requirement in the new UNCITRAL Arbitration Rules: A premonitory view

Ignacio Torterola  In October, State delegations are expected to discuss the issue of transparency in the UNCITRAL Rules of Arbitration.  Ignacio Torterola, ICSID Liaison at the Argentine Embassy in Washington, DC, and Argentine Delegate to the UNCITRAL Working Group II, explains why greater openness would benefit the investment arbitration system.  Some preliminary considerations Working Group […]

ITN  |  febrero 10, 2010

Claimant seeks enforcement of environmental laws in notice of dispute alleging expropriation of Barbadian nature sanctuary

By Elizabeth Whitsitt February 14, 2010 A notice of dispute forwarded to Barbados some five months ago by Mr. Peter Allard, Canadian owner of the Graeme Hall Nature Sanctuary, contends that the Government of Barbados has violated its international obligations by refusing to enforce its environmental laws.  Located on the south coast of Barbados, Graeme […]

ITN  |  enero 12, 2010

UNCITRAL Tribunal determines that wheat supply contracts are not “investments” under Swiss-Uzbekistan BIT

By Elizabeth Whitsitt January 13, 2010 Swiss-based firm Romak S.A. has lost a protracted dispute against the Republic of Uzbekistan regarding alleged non-payment for wheat shipments to the country during the mid-1990s. On November 26, 2009 an arbitral tribunal composed of Fernando Mantilla-Serrano, Nicolas Molfessis and Noah Rubins dismissed Romak’s claims against the Republic of […]

ITN  |  enero 12, 2010

UNCITRAL Claimant Given 30 days to Appoint New Arbitrator in UK-Argentina BIT Dispute

By Elizabeth Whitsitt January 13, 2010 Later this month UK-based firm, ICS Inspection and Control Services Limited (ICS), is expected to appoint another arbitrator in its dispute against the Argentine Republic which began earlier this summer. On July 28, 2009 in accordance with the UNCITRAL Arbitration Rules, ICS appointed Mr. Stanimir A. Alexandrov as its […]

ITN  |  diciembre 4, 2009

Arbitrator forced to choose in NAFTA dispute over thwarted Canadian garbage site

By Elizabeth Whitsitt December 6, 2009 Mr. J. Christopher Thomas Q.C. has resigned from his appointment as an arbitrator in a Chapter 11 NAFTA dispute initiated by US investor Vito G. Gallo against the Canadian government. Canada’s nominee to the tribunal resigned on October 21, 2009, one week after ICSID Deputy Secretary-General, Nassib G. Ziade, […]

ITN  |  octubre 1, 2009

Chevron launches investment-treaty claim against Ecuador

By Damon Vis-Dunbar 2 October 2009 Correction: The original headline in this article stated that Chevron Corporation alleges a denial of justice on the part of Ecuador. Chevron explains that this is incorrect. While Chevron claims that Ecuador “abuses the criminal justice system”, its notice of arbitration does not assert a denial of justice. The world’s second […]