TCE

Modernización del Tratado sobre la Carta de la Energía: ¿Por qué no terminarlo?

Se espera que las negociaciones para modernizar el Tratado sobre la Carta de la Energía, un acuerdo de
1994 que cubre el comercio, la inversión y otros aspectos del sector energético entre sus partes
contratantes, comiencen antes del final de 2019. Aunque en una gran cantidad de otros foros se ha
reconocido la necesidad de reformar la ISDS y de garantizar que los acuerdos de comercio e inversión
apoyen ambiciosas acciones climáticas ¿Por qué más funcionarios y comentadores no están discutiendo la
posibilidad de terminar completamente el TCE, o de reconsiderar su cláusula de supervivencia para
aquellas partes que opten por retirarse? Tania Voon explora este tema y describe opciones para seguir
avanzando.

@taniavoon
@MelbLawSchool

Tratado sobre la Carta de la Energía: Consejo de la UE aprueba directrices de negociación para Bruselas

El Consejo Europeo ha aprobado las directrices de negociación para la participación de la UE en las conversaciones para modernizar el TCE, confirmando su decisión en una reunión el 2 de julio de 2019.

Laudos  |  septiembre 19, 2019

España declarada culpable por violación de TJE bajo el TCE por frustrar las expectativas legítimas de 9REN, inversor en energías renovables con sede en Luxemburgo

9REN Holding S.À.R.L. vs. El Reino de España, Caso del CIADI No. ARB/15/15

Laudos  |  septiembre 19, 2019

España debe pagar daños por EUR 290,6 millones en caso de energías renovables de NextEra

NextEra Energy Global Holdings B.V y NextEra Energy Spain Holdings B.V vs. El Reino de España, Caso del CIADI No. ARB/14/11

Laudos  |  septiembre 19, 2019

En un caso más sobre incentivos a la energía solar contra Italia, tribunal del TCE aplica prueba de proporcionalidad y encuentra violación de expectativas legítimas

CEF Energia B.V. vs. La República de Italia, Arbitraje de la CCE V (2015/158)

Saga sobre Energías Renovables en España: Lecciones para el derecho internacional de las inversiones y el desarrollo sostenible

España ha enfrentado aproximadamente 40 arbitrajes desde que tomó la decisión, en 2010, de rescindir o revisar varias medidas regulatorias destinadas a atraer más inversiones en proyectos de energías renovables. Este artículo examina los laudos de cuatro de estos casos, observando en particular cómo los tribunales han interpretado y aplicado el estándar de TJE. La autora aborda los posibles problemas que surgen cuando los Estados no están seguros de cómo un tribunal podría interpretar el TJE u otros estándares, y presenta algunas posibles soluciones.

Diligencia Debida del Inversor y el Tratado sobre la Carta de la Energía

Las negociaciones para la modernización del Tratado sobre la Carta de la Energía están programadas para comenzar este año y ya se han anunciado una serie de temas para consideración de las partes. Este artículo examina las posibilidades de actualizar la presente formulación del TJE en el TCE y analiza cómo este estándar ha sido interpretado en arbitrajes pasados que involucran controversias relativas a las energías renovables. La autora se expresa a favor de incluir un requisito de diligencia debida, para ayudar a garantizar que los inversores se anticipen a los posibles riesgos que surgen de cambios en el marco regulatorio de los Estados.

La Comisión de la UE propone directrices de negociación sobre la modernización del TCE

El 14 de mayo, la Comisión Europea lanzó un borrador de directrices de negociación estableciendo el enfoque propuesto para “modernizar” el Tratado sobre la Carta de la Energía (TCE). 

Tribunal del CIADI concluye que España incumplió sus obligaciones del TCE al no brindar una tasa de retorno razonable

RREEF INFRASTRUCTURE (G.P.) LIMITED Y RREEF PAN-EUROPEAN INFRASTRUCTURE TWO LUX S.A R.L. VS. EL REINO DE ESPAÑA, CASO DEL CIADI NO. ARB/13/30

Demandas de expectativas legítimas de inversores contra Italia desestimadas por falta de compromisos específicos

BLUSUN S.A., JEAN-PIERRE LECORCIER AND MICHAEL STEIN V. ITALIAN REPUBLIC, ICSID CASE NO. ARB/14/3

Italia declarada culpable por cambio en política de energías renovables en arbitraje intra-UE

Greentech Energy Systems A/S & Ors. vs. La República de Italia, Arbitraje de la CCE V (2015/095)

Laudos  |  octubre 17, 2018

Tribunal del CIADI emite laudo determinando que España violó Tratado sobre la Carta de la Energía

ANTIN INFRASTRUCTURE SERVICES LUXEMBOURG S.À.R.L. Y ANTIN ENERGIA TERMOSOLAR B.V. VS. EL REINO DE ESPAÑA, CASO DEL CIADI NO. ARB/13/31

Laudos  |  octubre 17, 2018

La República Checa elude otra demanda en relación con su programa de energías renovables

ANTARIS SOLAR GMBH Y EL DR. MICHAEL GÖDE VS. LA REPÚBLICA CHECA, CASO DE LA CPA NO. 2014-01

Tribunal del CIADI concluye que España violó el estándar de TJE bajo el Tratado sobre la Carta de la Energía

MASDAR SOLAR & WIND COOPERATIEF U.A. VS. EL REINO DE ESPAÑA, CASO DEL CIADI NO. ARB/14/1

Laudos  |  septiembre 26, 2017

Todas las demandas presentadas por Isolux Infrastructure Netherlands contra España son desestimadas

Isolux Infrastructure Netherlands B.V. c. el Reino de España, Caso de la CCE Nro. V2013/153

Laudos  |  septiembre 26, 2017

Inversores triunfan sobre España en una demanda por reparación regulatoria para energías limpias

Eiser Infrastructure Limited y Energía Solar Luxembourg S.à r.l. vs. el Reino de España, Caso del CIADI No. ARB/13/36

Expansión de la Carta de la Energía hacia África y Asia: ¿Deshaciendo la Reforma del Derecho Internacional de las Inversiones?

La Secretaría de la Carta de Energía está en un modus expansivo, queriendo ganar acceso a los recursos energéticos de África y Asia para sus miembros — y extendiendo un sistema de protección de inversiones de largo alcance y desactualizado para inversiones en países ricos en recursos.

¿La Economía Verde Necesita la Solución de Controversias entre Inversionista y Estado?

Aquellos que proponen que el medio ambiente necesita “más protección de la inversión” están recomendando una solución a muy largo plazo (de eficacia cuestionable) a lo que es esencialmente un problema a corto plazo.

Laudos  |  noviembre 26, 2015

Energorynok no posee ni controla actividad económica relacionada con la energía; se desestima caso del TCE contra Moldavia

State Enterprise “Energorynok” (Ukraine) v. The Republic of Moldova, Arbitraje V de la SCC (2012/175)

ITN  |  enero 14, 2013

News in Brief

Canada receives investor complaints over provincial energy and environment policies In recent months the government of Canada has received two complaints related to energy and environmental policies adopted by its provinces. Both investors have served Ottawa with notices of intent to submit a claim to arbitration under NAFTA’s investment chapter. A Delaware-based energy firm is […]

ITN  |  julio 19, 2012

News in Brief

Vattenfall launches new claim against Germany The Swedish state-run energy firm Vattenfall has launched a second claim against Germany. The claim stems from Germany’s May 2011 decision to phase-out its nuclear power plants, in which 8 plants have been shuttered and the remaining 9 plants to be closed over the next decade. While Germany has […]

ITN  |  julio 19, 2012

Trends in Investor Claims Over Feed-in Tariffs for Renewable Energy

As governments increasingly turn to renewable energy to mitigate climate change, domestic climate-related policies in the form of price support measures such as feed-in tariffs (FiTs) have played an important role in stimulating the much needed investment—public and private, domestic and foreign—in the sector. Feed-in tariffs are characterized by guaranteed electricity purchase prices (set higher […]

ITN  |  enero 12, 2012

Awards and Decisions

Arbitrator sharply critical of majority decision in Italian bondholder claim against Argentina Abaclat and Others (Case formerly known as Giovanna a Beccara and Others) v. Argentine Republic, ICSID Case No. ARB/07/5 Damon Vis-Dunbar Professor Georges Abi-Saab has delivered a sharply worded dissent against a decision that granted jurisdiction to an ICSID case involving tens of […]

ITN  |  enero 12, 2012

News in Brief

Philip Morris files for arbitration over intellectual property dispute with Australia The tobacco company Philip Morris filed for arbitration on 21 November 2011, claiming the government of Australia’s regulations on cigarette branding breach the Hong Kong-Australia bilateral investment treaty. The announcement arrived on the same day that the Australian Parliament passed legislation that bans most […]

ITN  |  abril 7, 2011

Awards and decisions

UK firm victorious in dispute with Russia, but damages much less than claimed RosInvestCo UK Ltd.  v. The Russian Federation, SCC Case No. Arb. V079/2005 Lise Johnson In an award dated 12 September 2010, the tribunal in RosInvestCo v. Russian Federation issued an award in which it found that the Russian Federation had unlawfully expropriated […]

ITN  |  marzo 10, 2010

Hearings take place in dispute between Electrabel and Hungary despite snowy weather

By Elizabeth Whitsitt March 11, 2010 Despite snow storm interruptions a tribunal, composed of Mr. V.V. Vedeer, Ms. Gabrielle Kaufmann-Kohler, and Ms. Brigitte Stern, heard the merits of the dispute between Belgium-based energy firm Electrabel SA and Hungary last month. Along with AES Summit Generation Limited v. Republic of Hungary, the Electrabel SA v. Republic […]

ITN  |  febrero 10, 2010

Tribunal’s decision in anticipated Yukos case released to public

By Elizabeth Whitsitt February 14, 2010 Three highly anticipated decisions permitting three claimants – all former shareholders of Yukos Oil Corporation OJSC (Yukos) – to proceed to the merits phase of their multi-billion dollar expropriation claim against the Russian government have been released to the public.* Similar in content, all three decisions were issued by […]

ITN  |  noviembre 1, 2009

Cementownia claim against Turkey found to be “manifestly ill-founded”

By Elizabeth Whitsitt November 3, 2009 On September 17, 2009 an ICSID tribunal dismissed yet another claim initiated against the Republic of Turkey by an entity, Cementownia “Nowa Huta” S.A. (“Cementownia”), operated by the Uzan family.  As previously reported*, the Uzans are a wealthy Turkish family whose members have been enmeshed in multiple disputes around […]

ITN  |  noviembre 1, 2009

Confusion about Settlement Agreement leads to Dismissal of Case Between Dutch Companies and Azerbaijan

By Elizabeth Whitsitt November 3, 2009 After a disagreement regarding the existence of a settlement agreement, an ICSID tribunal has determined that it has no jurisdiction to hear a dispute initiated by three Dutch companies, Azpetrol International Holdings B.V., Azpetrol Group B.V. and Azpetrol Oil Services Group B.V. against the Republic of Azerbaijan. The Dutch […]

ITN  |  julio 15, 2009

Greenpeace pressures German government for transparency in Vattenfall dispute

By Damon Vis-Dunbar 15 July 2009 Arbitration proceedings between the Government of Germany and the Swedish energy utility Vattenfall should be conducted transparently, argue a coalition of non-governmental organizations. Greenpeace Germany and the World Economy, Ecology and Development organization are pressing the German Government to reverse its policy of not commenting or disclosing information related […]

ITN  |  julio 10, 2009

Vattenfall request for arbitration sheds new light on dispute with Germany

By Damon Vis-Dunbar 11 July 2009 Investment Treaty News (ITN) has posted the request for arbitration by the Swedish energy utility Vattenfall against the Government of Germany. In April Vattenfall brought the German government to international arbitration in a challenge to environmental restrictions imposed by the City of Hamburg on a coal-fired power plant under […]

ITN  |  mayo 3, 2009

German government mum on Vattenfall ECT Claim

By Damon Vis-Dunbar 2 May 2009 The German government has declined to provide information on an investment dispute with the European utility Vattenfall on the grounds that it is against government policy to comment or disclose information on pending arbitrations. As has been reported in the financial press, Vattenfall is bringing the German government to international […]

Laudos  |  octubre 13, 2008

Award is publicly released in failed Energy Charter Treaty claim against the Ukraine

By Damon Vis-Dunbar13 October 2008 Details of an arbitration involving a Latvian investor and the government of the Ukraine have emerged following the public release of the tribunal’s final award, some seven months after the decision was rendered. The Ukraine has been absolved of charges that it had breached the Energy Charter Treaty (ECT), a […]

Laudos  |  septiembre 30, 2008

Plama Consortium Limited v. Republic of Bulgaria: Honesty is the best policy

By Elizabeth Whitsitt 30 September 2008 In a 27 August 2008 decision, a tribunal has concluded that Plama Consortium Limited (PCL), a Cyprus firm, was not entitled to protections afforded under the Energy Charter Treaty (ECT), given that it had fraudulently misrepresented itself when it invested in a privatized refinery, Nova Plama AD. In addition, […]

ITN  |  septiembre 26, 2008

Caratube International Oil Company LLP v. Republic of Kazakhstan: American investor sues Kazakhstan over oil-field dispute

By Damon Vis-Dunbar 26 September 2008 A US citizen, Devincci Salah Hourani, has launched a lawsuit against the government of Kazakhstan over a failed contract to explore and exploit oil in the country. Mr. Hourani, who holds a 92% stake in the Kazakh firm Caratube International Oil Company (CIOC), has alleged breaches of the United […]

ITN  |  septiembre 4, 2008

Clean Energy Investment: A report by the IISD

The International Institute for Sustainable Development has published a report on clean-energy investment, with a focus on encouraging policies that would attract environmentally sustainable investment into developing countries. The report describes obstacles and opportunities to attracting clean-energy investment. At the domestic level, these include the various criteria that make the environment either attractive or risky for investors. At […]

ITN  |  agosto 11, 2008

TDM Call for Papers: The Notion of Investment – In Search of an Acceptable Definition

Transnational Dispute Management (TDM) is announcing a special issue dedicated to the notion of investment. The theme of the issue is: “The notion of investment: in search of an acceptable definition“. Contributions are invited from prospected authors with unpublished or previously published articles, conference papers, research papers, case studies. The recent arbitration awards where the […]