IISD has been working on international trade for over two decades, analyzing the issue from multiple perspectives: scientific, economic, fiscal, legal, social, and environmental. Within the wide range of topics that trade covers, IISD has a long history of working on reforms to the World Trade Organization’s rules and members’ ability to engage in those processes. IISD has also built an extensive body of work on regional and plurilateral trade agreements; options for new industrial policies functioning within a rules-based system; innovative financing for sustainable infrastructure; border-carbon adjustment measures; and whether trade can accelerate renewable energy, improve food security, and eliminate harmful fisheries subsidies and fossil fuel subsidies.
IISD works with developing countries and others on these and other trade issues, along with analyzing the latest trends and thinking in this field through its flagship Investment Treaty News, Global Subsidies Initiative and the SDG Knowledge Hub.
Elements of a Sustainable Trade Strategy for China
When China began introducing its trade reform strategy in the 1970s, it ranked 32nd among nations in global trade.Today it is the world's largest exporter, with its total value of trade having increased over a hundred-fold since 1978—an annual average growth rate of 16.3 per cent. The open-door…
China's Sustainable Trade Strategy: An overview
China's emergence as a big player in world trade is a significant development in the global trade system.China introduced its trade reform policy at the end of the 1970s when China ranked 32nd among nations in global trade, due to China's "Import Substitution" strategy. Thirty years later, China…
Food Security: The Brazilian case
Chronic food insecurity remains one of the main challenges to developing countries' sustainable development and thus to the stability of global political and economic regimes and nations.Trade also plays an important role in nations' economic growth and has several links with food security.This…
Beyond Barriers: The Gender Implications of Trade Liberalization in Southern Africa
Summary:Although trade can be a catalyst for gender equality, the effects of trade liberalization and economic globalization on women, in particular, so far have been mixed. For example, while in a large number of cases, trade in general has improved women's empowerment and livelihood, in some…
Beyond Barriers: The Gender Implications of Trade Liberalization in Latin America
Summary:Empirical studies on gender impacts of trade liberalization in South American countries can be roughly divided into four groups. The first group comprises studies focused on the size and characteristics of female employment generated by non-traditional agro-export industries. The second…
Beyond Barriers: The Gender Implications of Trade Liberalization in Southeast Asia
Summary: There is little doubt that trade liberalization has had a profound effect on the well-being of women in Southeast Asia. Not all of these impacts are negative, however. Indeed, the opening up of the region's economies, at both national and regional levels, has brought about opportunities in…
Working towards mutually beneficial economic relations: Indonesia's expected challenges in pursuing an FTA with the EU
Indonesia and the European Union (EU) took a major step recently to cement their economic relationship through the signing of a Partnership and Cooperation Agreement (PCA). The agreement, which was signed following a meeting between senior officials from both sides in Jogjakarta, on 13th and 14th…
WTO and Sustainable Development (A chapter in "The WTO and East Asian Regional Integration")
Contrary to popular opinion that suggests the trade and environment agenda is stalled, IISD's Trade and Investment Director, Mark Halle, argues in a chapter for a forthcoming WTO book that the environment is alive and well, and thriving in the WTO. Although negotiations on trade and environment may…
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