Pile of computer boards for mobile phones to be discarded

Circular Economy

In a circular economy, products are designed, produced, and used in a way that reduces waste and facilitates the regeneration of natural systems.

It is much more than just recycling. It relies on a combination of strategies and innovative business models that close material loops and focus on optimizing resource flows, decreasing the need for virgin resource use, and reducing a range of environmental impacts including greenhouse gas emissions.

IISD has been working on related issues for years. Some of our research and analysis can be found below, and on the SDG Knowledge Hub.