Governments around the world spend at least a trillion dollars a year on subsidies to exploit the world's natural resources. But faced with increasing fiscal constraints, and concerned about making their economies cleaner, more inclusive, and stable, governments are under increasing pressure to change course.
GSI works closely with governments to help them move away from subsidies that hinder sustainability. The goal is to encourage individual governments to undertake unilateral reforms on subsidy policy where these would deliver clear economic, environmental, and social benefits. GSI also aims to generate a consensus in the World Trade Organization and in other forums on the need to take resolute, ongoing, and systematic action to reduce or eliminate subsidies that are trade-distorting and undermine sustainable development.
Fossil Fuel Subsidy Tracker
Explore the latest global fossil fuel subsidy estimates from all major sources in one interactive database.
The IISD is focused on supporting the current World Trade Organization negotiations to end harmful fisheries subsidies by the end of 2020.
Unpacking Canada's Fossil Fuel Subsidies
Canada committed to phasing out inefficient fossil fuel subsidies 10 years ago—but even after a decade there are still large subsidies to fossil fuel production.
G20 Members Must Commit Now to Reducing Fossil Fuel Spending
As governments put their COVID-19 recovery strategies into action, they must ensure that public funds go to support the energy transition, rather than perpetuate past reliance on fossil fuels.
Five Steps to a Fossil-free COVID Recovery for Every Government to Follow
Since the start of the Covid-19 pandemic, governments have spent billions of dollars bailing out coal, oil and gas. Here’s how they can pivot to clean energy.
Responding to the Health Crisis and the Climate Crisis in Tandem
As we look to chart a path to a post-COVID future, young private sector leaders say we have an invaluable opportunity to avoid past mistakes.
The Production Gap
The report measures the gap between governments' planned fossil fuel production and the global production levels consistent with the Paris Agreement.
How Indonesia Can Achieve Both a COVID-19 Recovery and Its Climate Targets
This brief reviews how the Government of Indonesia (GoI) has spent its COVID-19 recovery budget and provides recommendations on its future expenditure.
Supporting Marine Fishing Sustainably: A review of central and provincial government support for marine fisheries in Indonesia
The report provides an inventory of support measures to marine fisheries in Indonesia and identifies programs to be assessed to minimize the risk of overcapacity and overfishing.
Mapping India's Energy Subsidies 2021: Time for renewed support to clean energy
This report estimates India's energy subsidies over seven years and analyzes the implications for national clean energy targets.
Senior Director, Energy
Director, Sustainable Energy
Lead, Sustainable Energy Consumption
Lead, Sustainable Trade and Fisheries Subsidies
Senior Policy Advisor
Policy Advisor, Canada Energy Transitions
Policy Advisor, Fisheries Subsidies
Senior Policy Advisor and Lead, Indonesia
Senior Policy Advisor
Associate and Senior Energy Specialist
Countries' fossil fuel production plans out of sync with Paris limits: UN report
Over the next two decades, governments are collectively projecting an increase in global oil and gas production and only a modest decrease in coal production.
Plans for global fossil fuel production wildly out of step with climate limits
World governments plan to produce fossil fuels at more than double the rate consistent with warming of 1.5°C, new research has found.
Report shows fossil fuel production out of step with government climate commitments
Governments around the world expect to produce twice as much fossil fuels as their climate commitments would allow, a new international report has found.
Planned fossil fuel output shatters 1.5 degrees Celsius climate target: UN
The world's nations are currently planning to produce more than double the amount of coal, oil and gas consistent with limiting global warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius, the United Nations said on Wednesday (Oct 20).
Fossil fuel production must be cut in half to control global warming: study
Plans for fossil fuel production around the world are twice the level necessary to limit global warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius, according to a report released Wednesday.
Why fossil fuel subsidies are so hard to kill
Fossil-fuel subsidies are one of the biggest financial barriers hampering the world's shift to renewable energy sources. Each year, governments around the world pour around half a trillion dollars into artificially lowering the price of fossil fuels — more than triple what renewables receive. This is despite repeated pledges by politicians to end this kind of support, including statements from the G7 and G20 groups of nations.
Fossil fuel production around the world is more than DOUBLE what's currently allowed under the Paris Agreement: Countries are producing over twice the amount of coal and 60% more oil than set by 2015 climate pact
The world needs to cut its production of coal, oil and gas by more than half in the coming decade to even have a chance of meeting strict climate standards established by the 2015 Paris Agreement, according to findings from the United Nations.
Rich countries to ramp up fossil fuels despite net-zero pledges, says UN
Countries' promises to ditch their dirty habits are far from reality. They're globally projecting to produce twice as much fossil fuels by 2030 than the limit needed to keep global warming below 1.5ºC, according to a UN report released on Wednesday.
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Climate Change Mitigation
Tackling climate change requires urgently reducing greenhouse gas emissions to minimize the impacts on our societies, economies, and ecosystems.
We work to identify wasteful practices, encourage new thinking, engage civil society, and support policy reform.
In the transition to clean energy, a just transition can minimize negative impacts and maximize positive opportunities.