The science is clear—our climate is changing, and the change is caused by human activity.
We can still make a difference. But we must act together. When the world takes coordinated action, we know profound and lasting impacts can follow.
IISD is actively involved in the two main responses to climate change: adaptation and mitigation. We partner with countries to help them cope with a changing climate and transition to clean energy as quickly as possible. By backing major initiatives like fossil fuel subsidy reform and climate adaptation planning, we use our expertise to lessen the flow and concentration of heat-trapping greenhouse gases and help people build a more resilient future.
Global Subsidies Initiative
The Global Subsidies Initiative was designed to put the spotlight on subsidies and the corrosive effects they can have on environmental quality, economic development, and governance.
NAP Global Network
The NAP Global Network works with partners in the world’s most vulnerable countries to develop and implement plans to make communities, ecosystems, and economies more resilient to the impacts of climate change.
Climate Change Adaptation
As climate risks escalate, we help governments and communities anticipate, cope, and adapt.
Fossil fuel subsidies make little sense in a world shifting to low-carbon sources of energy to tackle climate change.
We work to identify wasteful practices, encourage new thinking, engage civil society, and support policy reform.
Energy Policy Tracker
Providing a detailed, real-world picture of the current state of support for different energy types in recovery packages around the world.
Nature for Climate Adaptation Initiative
A new initiative aims to support nature-based climate action that protects livelihoods and biodiversity in the most vulnerable parts of the world.
IISD is focused on supporting the World Trade Organization negotiations to end harmful fisheries subsidies.
Legal expert: ECT withdrawal 'is the only possible course of action'
Following the decision by several EU member states to leave the controversial Energy Charter Treaty (ECT), the European Commission must now put proposals on the table for the EU to withdraw collectively, says Lukas Schaugg.
In U-turn, Brussels recommends EU-wide exit from controversial Energy Charter Treaty
In a notable U-turn, the European Commission has proposed a collective and coordinated exit of all 27 member states from the controversial Energy Charter Treaty (ECT), an obscure international agreement that protects energy investors from unexpected circumstances that might hurt their profit expectations.
Coal phase-out alone will not be fast enough, developed countries must speed up oil and gas exit for 1.5°C
1.5°C pathways propose phasing out coal faster than is feasible for coal-dependent developing countries; developed nations must do more, says peer-reviewed research.
View: India needs accelerated support for electric vehicles to achieve net zero
The recent Auto Expo 2023, India's largest motor show, generated significant excitement with the launch of several low- and zero-emission vehicle models, including electric vehicles (EVs), hydrogen, and hybrids. While the event confirmed the auto industry’s growing focus on decarbonization, it also showed that India urgently needs to accelerate budgetary support for zero-emission technologies—particularly EVs, as the most mature and commercially viable segment in the transport sector.
How the oil sands compete in a world of lower demand and far lower emissions
Oil production in Alberta has never been higher – output almost reached 4 million barrels a day last November, led by the oil sands. It is why Canada's exports to the United States have doubled since 2005, winning market share from the likes of Mexico and Saudi Arabia.
Socio-political feasibility of coal power phase-out and its role in mitigation pathways
In IPCC pathways limiting warming to 1.5 °C, global coal power generation declines rapidly due to its emissions intensity and substitutability. However, we find that in countries heavily dependent on coal—China, India and South Africa—this translates to a national decline twice as rapid as that achieved historically for any power technology in any country, relative to system size. This raises questions about socio-political feasibility. Here we constrain an integrated assessment model to the Powering Past Coal Alliance’s differentiated phase-out timelines of 2030 in Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development/European Union and 2050 elsewhere which, for large coal consumers, lies within the range of historical transitions. We find that limiting warming to 1.5 °C then requires CO2 emissions reductions in the global North to be 50% more rapid than if this socio-political reality is ignored. This additional mitigation is focused on Europe and the United States, in transport and industry and implies more rapid decline in global oil and gas production.
Despite billions to get off coal, why is Indonesia still building new coal plants?
Not far from the white sand beaches on the island of Borneo, the Indonesian government is building what it calls a "green industrial park." In the ground-breaking ceremony, Indonesia's president said this area of more than 40,000 acres would become a hub for green manufacturing using the country's vast mineral reserves.