Governance and Multilateral Agreements
While the number of multilateral agreements and governance frameworks abound, they vary on multiple levels. They cover different topics, from monetary policy to international trade, chemicals management to climate change. They have different memberships that do not fully overlap, and each have their own types of obligations. They also have varying legal implications, with some taking a “soft law” approach without enforcement mechanisms, while others take a “hard law” approach with the prospect of sanctions for non-compliance.
At IISD, our work on governance and multilateral agreements involves working with countries, regional and international institutions, academics, and civil society representatives to better understand these systems and their implications for sustainable, inclusive development. We consider issues such as policy coherence and conflict; governance gaps and overlaps; transparency and accountability; and the implications of these frameworks for national and regional policy space. We advise governments, hold expert meetings, participate in international forums, document and analyze negotiations, and conduct in-depth research into trends, reform options, and best practices.
The State of Global Environmental Governance 2019
A global team of reporters points to the successes, shortcomings and overall trends in international environmental negotiations in 2019.
A Long and Winding Road: COP 25 end notes
If there is one word to sum up what turned out to be the longest Conference of Parties (COP) in UNFCCC history, it’s arguably “frustration.” Now that COP 25 has wrapped, it’s worth looking back at what was—and wasn’t—achieved.
From Bali to Marrakech: A decade of international climate negotiations
This book builds on IISD's Earth Negotiations Bulletin (ENB) coverage of a decade of climate change negotiations from the meeting of the Conference of the Parties (COP) in Bali, Indonesia in 2007 to Marrakech, Morocco in 2016.
Senior Director, Resilience
Senior Director, Tracking Progress
Senior Policy Advisor, Tracking Progress
Policy Advisor, Geneva 2030 Ecosystem
Writer/Editor, Earth Negotiations Bulletin
Executive Editor, Earth Negotiations Bulletin
The Global Governance of Sustainable Energy: Access and Sustainable Transitions
The sustainable energy transition is not guided by a central, hierarchical organization—an approach with many positive features worth copying.
IISD Trade and Sustainability Review, Volume 1, Issue 1, November 2020
This inaugural edition of IISD's Trade and Sustainability Review features analytical pieces and commentaries on a series of topics at the forefront of the trade and sustainability discussion, from subsidy reform efforts at the World Trade Organization to the impact of COVID-19 on export markets.
Doubling Back and Doubling Down: G20 scorecard on fossil fuel funding
This study tracks, for the first time, each G20 country's progress on ending support for fossil fuels — ranking their transparency, commitments, and financial support to oil, gas, and coal.
The U.S. Has Exited the Paris Agreement. Does it Matter?
The last time there was a major climate treaty, the United States stood on the sidelines. This time, stakes may be higher, but the energy transition will continue.
25 Reasons Why the WTO Must End Subsidies That Drive Overfishing
WTO members are negotiating an agreement to end harmful fisheries subsidies. We have 25 reasons why they must reel in a deal this year, for people and planet.
The Precautionary Principle
The precautionary principle guides decision-makers to take action to protect the environment, safety, and public health when there is scientific uncertainty.
How Multilateralism Handles a Pandemic
We've learned five lessons after months of environmental negotiations shifting to online platforms.
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