IISD has been working on international trade for over two decades, analyzing the issue from multiple perspectives: scientific, economic, fiscal, legal, social, and environmental. Within the wide range of topics that trade covers, IISD has a long history of working on reforms to the World Trade Organization’s rules and members’ ability to engage in those processes. IISD has also built an extensive body of work on regional and plurilateral trade agreements; options for new industrial policies functioning within a rules-based system; innovative financing for sustainable infrastructure; border-carbon adjustment measures; and whether trade can accelerate renewable energy, improve food security, and eliminate harmful fisheries subsidies and fossil fuel subsidies.
IISD works with developing countries and others on these and other trade issues, along with analyzing the latest trends and thinking in this field through its flagship Investment Treaty News, Global Subsidies Initiative and the SDG Knowledge Hub.
World Leaders Must Play Their Part in Rethinking Trade to Help Us “Build Back Better”
While the question of who will lead the WTO is important, political leaders must also renew their commitment to working together.
The USMCA Is Now In Force. How Will it Impact North American Trade Policy?
The new accord governs a multi-trillion dollar market and is expected to face heavy scrutiny within the three countries, especially during a U.S. election year.
The U.K.’s Global Tariff: A new broom sweeps green?
In liberalizing the trade of dozens of environmental goods, the U.K. signals its commitment to tackling climate change. But is this enough?
How Can a Six-Digit Trade Code Help the Environment?
Every single thing that gets shipped from one country to another has a special trade code assigned to it. How can this help the environment?
Joint Statement on Micro, Small, and Medium-Sized Enterprises: History and latest developments in the Informal Working Group
This brief outlines the history and developments of MSME-related discussions in the World Trade Organization (WTO) context, looking specifically at MSME-related issues at the WTO as well as in other forums and contexts.
Code Shift: The environmental significance of the 2022 amendments to the Harmonized System
This report explains how recent amendments to the harmonized coding system used to track international merchandise trade will help improve the monitoring of trade in both environmentally sensitive products and environmental goods.
IISD Best Practices Series: Terminating a Bilateral Investment Treaty
This paper examines recent state practice in bilateral investment treaty (BIT) terminations and related drafting, along with presenting options for states interested in addressing their stock of older BITs through termination and renegotiation.
Exploring the Trade Impacts of Fossil Fuel Subsidies
How do fossil fuel subsidies affect competitiveness and trade in various markets, and what is the likely scale of such impacts? This paper sheds light on the relevance of fossil fuel subsidies from an international trade policy perspective, in particular for the WTO.
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