Trade and Climate Change
IISD’s work on trade and climate change provides analysis and advice to help define the role of trade policy by leveraging the organization’s expertise in three interlinked topics: the economic and policy choices in the energy transition needed for climate change mitigation; climate change adaptation planning and climate resilience; and the design of trade policy and trade agreements.
Our work provides governments and other stakeholders with practical, evidence-based analysis of policy options and ways they can be achieved, including through international cooperation.
Leveraging Trade to Support Climate Adaptation in Developing Countries
This paper aims to support trade negotiators in leveraging trade for climate change adaptation and to explore the critical role National Adaptation Plan (NAP) processes can play in this regard.
Impacts of Climate Change Policies on Developing Country Export Markets
This report reviews existing net-zero commitments and circular economy plans and assesses the potential impact of core components of such policies on developing country exports.
How Can Trade Policy Maximize Benefits From Clean Energy Investment?
This paper looks at the role of trade policy in fostering the domestic production of renewable energy components in developing countries with a particular focus on wind and solar energy.
Trade and Climate Change: How can trade policy maximize developing countries' benefits from a clean energy transition?
The first of two sessions, this event will assess how trade policy can incentivize clean energy production in developing countries.
Trade and Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation: Implications for developing countries
The second of two sessions, this event will look at the impact of climate change mitigation and adaptation policies on developing country exports of goods and services.
Latest Blog Posts
Net-Zero Should Not Be a Net Loss for Low-Income Economies
As countries make the transition towards net-zero economies, what do these policies mean for international trade?
Can Trade in Electric Vehicle Raw Materials Create Development Opportunities?
As demand grows for electric vehicles, there are valuable lessons to learn from Chile and the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
How Can Trade Maximize Gains From Clean Energy Investment in Developing Countries?
As governments increasingly turn to trade policy to support the renewable energy transition, they also need to encourage the production of key components at home.
Carbon border adjustment unfair on developing countries
The new carbon border adjustment approach by players in the global multilateral trading system is a new phenomenon to address climate change issues.
EU implements carbon border adjustment policy
The European Union’s Carbon Border Adjustment Mechanism is the beginning of new policies surrounding the global fight against climate change. The International Institute for Sustainable Development, an independent award-winning think tank, states that this policy development is an attempt to tackle emissions-intensive, heavily traded sectors through carbon pricing.
Auch USA diskutieren CO2-Grenzausgleich (in German)
Die internationalen Debatten über den CO₂-Grenzausgleich CBAM der EU werden lauter. Auch in den USA planen Demokraten und Republikaner eine ähnliche Maßnahme, um ihre Industrie vor dreckigen Importen zu schützen. Aber es gibt noch politische Hürden.
Une course aux subventions aux armements s’engage entre l’Europe et l’Amérique (in French)
Lorsque le président américain Joe Biden a promulgué la loi sur la réduction de l’inflation, il a promulgué le plus grand investissement climatique de l’histoire américaine – un moment historique pour une nation qui pompe plus de carbone dans l’atmosphère que n’importe quel pays à l’exception de la Chine.
If Europe's carbon tariff works, consumers might not even notice it
Climate policy is redrawing the blueprint of global trade, putting up new walls between the markets for high-carbon and low-carbon manufactured goods.
Canada’s biggest emitters are paying the lowest carbon tax rate
On its oil sands in northern Alberta, Suncor Energy scrapes vast open-pit mines and drills down deep into the ground to extract the viscous bitumen that has turned it into one of the largest energy companies in North America. The process is so energy-intensive that it has also made the firm into Canada’s largest carbon emitter: it belches roughly 28 million tonnes into the atmosphere every year, equivalent to the entire emissions of Tunisia.
Development economist: U.S., EU might not see eye-to-eye on steel deal
While some in the U.S. view a recent deal with the European Union to resolve tariffs on steel and aluminum as a step toward a so-called “climate club” approach to global decarbonization, the EU likely will not, according to an economist who has been studying policies designed to guard against “carbon leakage.”
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