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Energy Subsidies in India

The GSI’s India country program undertakes research and policy engagement on energy subsidies for fuel consumers, fuel producers and renewable energy.

Research

Objectives
  • Reduce overall fossil fuel subsidy expenditure
  • Improve the progressive social distribution of subsidy expenditure
  • Increase clean energy access and use, particularly among poorer households

FAQ: India

Introduction India is the world’s second most populous country and the world’s third largest economy—and it continues to grow at a rapid pace. It is also undertaking enormous efforts to provide modern energy products and services to millions of households living in energy poverty. In years to come, it will therefore have to deal with a substantial increase in the demand for energy. How will this demand be met?

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Commentary: Support for Clean Cooking in India

India is currently one of the most polluted countries in the world, with air pollution contributing to hundreds of thousands of deaths per year—much caused by burning biomass fuel, such as wood and dung. The health impacts, and the burden of collecting and preparing traditional fuels, falls disproportionately on women and children.

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How Fossil Fuel Subsidy Reform Could Get Us on Target Towards Universal Energy Access

Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 7 calls upon the global community to ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all by 2030. The High-level Political Forum on Sustainable Development (HLPF) in New York noted progress, but also established that the world is still not on track to reach the targets on energy access, energy efficiency and renewable energies.

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