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GSI publishes high-quality research including reports, articles, infographics, policy briefs, technical manuals, videos and more.

Explore our resources that focus on subsidies and sustainable development.

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Reports: Locked In and Losing Out: British Columbia’s fossil fuel subsidies

BC’s fossil fuel subsidies reached CAD 830 million in 2017–2018. New subsidies continue to be created, including significant support for the liquefied natural gas (LNG) industry. Provincial fossil fuel subsidies undermine the CleanBC plan introduced by the government in 2018 and hold the province back from meeting its targets for greenhouse gas emissions reductions. This IISD report calls on British Columbia to pha

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Reports: Submission to Environment and Climate Change Canada's Consultation on Non-Tax Fossil Fuel Subsidies

As part of Canada's participation in the G20 peer review of fossil fuel subsidies, Environment and Climate Change Canada opened a consultation on their review of non-tax subsidies. The G20 review process is a critical opportunity to scale up climate change action, maximize policy efficiency and ensure public funding is allocated to areas that matter most to Canadians. IISD developed a written submission to support

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Policy Briefs: Communications and Awareness Strategies: Raising awareness about the health impacts of coal in Indonesia - Examples from India and China

The public outcry in India, China, and Indonesia over air pollution has been drawing their respective governments’ attention; in response, they have started taking measures to reduce air pollution from the combustion of fossil fuels, in some cases even shutting down coal power plants. While the links between poor air quality, transportation sector emissions and smog from deforestation fires are well established in I

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Reports: Tackling Coal-Driven Air Pollution in China and India: Lessons learned for Indonesia

As the three most populous countries in Asia, China, India and Indonesia share a lot in common when it comes to projected significant economic growth, and along with it, an increase in the power capacity driven by a booming demand. This energy demand is met to a large degree by fossil fuel combustion, which is creating increased air pollution in these countries. Both India and China have undertaken important steps

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Reports: India's Energy Transition: Subsidies for Fossil Fuels and Renewable Energy, 2018 Update

Pricing drives economic decision making, and subsidies (along with taxation) are one of the key tools that governments use to influence prices, and through them investment decisions and consumer behaviour. This update highlights the most significant developments in the dynamic domain of India’s energy subsidy policies in FY 2017 and explores the role that subsidies play with respect to four themes: energy access; th

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Policy Briefs: Support to Fuel Consumption for Fisheries

Government support aimed at reducing the costs of fuel for fishers is a frequently used policy tool in both OECD and non-OECD economies, despite the negative environmental and socioeconomic consequences associated with these types of measures. Based on the information available in WTO subsidy notifications, WTO trade policy review reports and the OECD’s Fisheries Support Estimate database, this brief suggest that US

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