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Energy Subsidies in Indonesia

The GSI program of work for Indonesia undertakes research and policy engagement on subsidies for fuel consumers and producers, as well as breaking down barriers to renewable energy and ensuring long-term, sustainable reform processes.


  • Reduce expenditure on fossil fuel subsidies that promote unsustainable environmental and social impacts
  • Reform subsidies to level the playing field for clean energy
  • Improve the fair social distribution of subsidy expenditure
  • Build a greater understanding of the negative health impacts of fossil fuels, and how these are exacerbated by fossil fuel subsidies

In carrying forward this work, the Global Subsidies Initiative has collaborated with a number of organizations, including Tim Nasional Percepatan Penanggulangan Kemiskinan, Universitas Gadjah Mada, European Climate Foundation, ENERGIA, and the Embassies of Denmark and Sweden.

FAQ: Indonesia

Indonesia’s Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources estimates that around six million households are still without access to electricity, and large investments are needed to supply reliable power across the country. Coal is a central focus in this quest, and the Indonesian government expects it to continue to play a significant role in the decades to come. However, coal has harmful environmental and health impacts, while cleaner, renewable energy alternatives are becoming increasingly cost-competitive.

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News: COP 25: Sharing lessons on fossil fuel subsidy reform

Global Subsidies Initiative, together with the Nordic Council of Ministers, hosted a side event during the 25th UN Conference of the Parties (COP 25) Climate Conference: “Raising NDC Ambition to Reach Climate Action Goals: Fossil fuel subsidies, energy pricing and swaps.” Highlights The panel focused on sharing lessons and best practices on fossil fuel subsidy reform and pricing based on country experience from N

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Reports: Energy Transition in Support of the Low-Carbon Development Initiative in Indonesia: Transport sector

Implementing an effective pricing mechanism is necessary for Indonesia to complete its landmark fuel subsidy reforms and prevent backsliding into expensive subsidy policies. The current pricing regime aims to deliver a public service but inadvertently contributes major social costs: air pollution and associated illness, greenhouse gas emissions and traffic congestion.

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