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Subsidies

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With over 10 years of experience, the IISD Global Subsidies Initiative (GSI) is widely recognized as world-class leader in the quantification, evaluation and reform of subsidies.

Governments around the world spend at least a trillion dollars a year on subsidies to exploit the world's natural resources. But faced with increasing fiscal constraints, and concerned about making their economies cleaner, more inclusive and stable, governments are under increasing pressure to change course.

GSI works closely with governments to help them move away from subsidies that hinder sustainability. The goal is to encourage individual governments to undertake unilateral reforms on subsidy policy where these would deliver clear economic, environmental and social benefits. GSI also aims to generate a consensus in the World Trade Organization and in other forums on the need to take resolute, ongoing and systematic action to reduce or eliminate subsidies that are trade-distorting and undermine sustainable development.

  • Blog
    Making the International Trade System Work for Climate Change:  Five Ways to Address Fossil Fuel Subsidies through the WTO and International Trade Agreements

    Making the International Trade System Work for Climate Change: Five Ways to Address Fossil Fuel Subsidies through the WTO and International Trade Agreements

    Can the international trade system be a catalyst for reforming fossil fuel subsidies (FFSs) to help relieve the burden on the public purse, reduce local and global air pollution, improve energy security and tackle climate change? 

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  • Blog
    Is GST stalling India's clean energy transition?

    Is GST stalling India's clean energy transition?

    India, the world’s third-largest energy consumer is undergoing a clean energy transition.This transition must not only advance climate commitments...

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  • Blog
    Women Could Gain Far More With Better Targeting of Government Energy Subsidies, New Research Finds

    Women Could Gain Far More With Better Targeting of Government Energy Subsidies, New Research Finds

    Millions of dollars worth of fossil fuel subsidies could be better targeted by governments to benefit poor women.

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  • Briefing Note
    India's Energy Transition: The Impact of the Goods and Services Tax on Solar Photovoltaic and Coal Power Costs

    India's Energy Transition: The Impact of the Goods and Services Tax on Solar Photovoltaic and Coal Power Costs

    One of the biggest changes in India's energy subsidy policy in FY18 was the introduction of the Goods and Services Tax (GST). How did this affect subsidies and costs for coal power and solar PV?

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  • Report
    Beyond Fossil Fuels: Indonesia's fiscal transition

    Beyond Fossil Fuels: Indonesia's fiscal transition

    This report explores how Indonesia taxes and subsidizes the production and consumption of oil, gas, coal and electricity now; and what lies ahead.

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  • Blog
    Success Stories and a Network on Fossil Fuel Subsidy Reform

    Success Stories and a Network on Fossil Fuel Subsidy Reform

    Many countries and private sector leaders shared fossil fuel subsidy reform success stories at the recent United Nations climate talks in Katowice, Poland.

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  • Blog
    India's Energy Subsidies Moving in the Right Direction

    India's Energy Subsidies Moving in the Right Direction

    India has become an outspoken proponent of renewable energy, but do the facts back up the rhetoric? Is the central government walking the talk when it comes to India's energy subsidies?

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  • Briefing Note
    India Energy Subsidy Briefing December 2018

    India Energy Subsidy Briefing December 2018

    The latest news on energy subsidy issues in India, including draft amendments to the Electricity Act 2003, India poised to exceed renewable energy target and oil subsidy burden potentially on the rise.

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  • Report
    India's Energy Transition: Subsidies for Fossil Fuels and Renewable Energy, 2018 Update

    India's Energy Transition: Subsidies for Fossil Fuels and Renewable Energy, 2018 Update

    How have India’s energy subsidy policies changed since 2016? Have they become more or less aligned with India’s desired energy future? How have India’s energy subsidy policies changed since 2016? Have they become more or less aligned with India’s desired energy future?

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  • Blog
    The French Lesson on Climate Change Action

    The French Lesson on Climate Change Action

    President Emmanuel Macron's failure to engage with the public on fuel price increases can backfire unless France follows Just Transition principles.

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