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Subsidies

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With over 10 years of experience, the IISD Global Subsidies Initiative (GSI) is widely recognized as world-class leader in the quantification, evaluation and reform of subsidies.

Governments around the world spend at least a trillion dollars a year on subsidies to exploit the world's natural resources. But faced with increasing fiscal constraints, and concerned about making their economies cleaner, more inclusive and stable, governments are under increasing pressure to change course.

GSI works closely with governments to help them move away from subsidies that hinder sustainability. The goal is to encourage individual governments to undertake unilateral reforms on subsidy policy where these would deliver clear economic, environmental and social benefits. GSI also aims to generate a consensus in the World Trade Organization and in other forums on the need to take resolute, ongoing and systematic action to reduce or eliminate subsidies that are trade-distorting and undermine sustainable development.

  • Blog
    Making the International Trade System Work for Climate Change:  Five Ways to Address Fossil Fuel Subsidies through the WTO and International Trade Agreements

    Making the International Trade System Work for Climate Change: Five Ways to Address Fossil Fuel Subsidies through the WTO and International Trade Agreements

    Can the international trade system be a catalyst for reforming fossil fuel subsidies (FFSs) to help relieve the burden on the public purse, reduce local and global air pollution, improve energy security and tackle climate change? 

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  • Blog
    Deep Dive Into Fisheries Subsidies, Part 2: Cheap gas and free nets causing problems for shrimp

    Deep Dive Into Fisheries Subsidies, Part 2: Cheap gas and free nets causing problems for shrimp

    Stories of success in Latin American fishing communities have nothing to do with the price of gas or getting cheap equipment. Instead, there must be a system that protects their business from illegal fishing.

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  • Discussion Paper
    Addressing the Development Dimension of an Overcapacity and Overfishing Subsidy Discipline in the WTO Fisheries Subsidies Negotiations

    Addressing the Development Dimension of an Overcapacity and Overfishing Subsidy Discipline in the WTO Fisheries Subsidies Negotiations

    This discussion paper analyzes approaches to new WTO rules on subsidies that contribute to overcapacity and overfishing in the context of development priorities.

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  • Report
    Exploring the Possible Impacts of WTO Rules on Fisheries Subsidies: The Case of the Southern Longline Tuna Fishery in the Western and Central Pacific

    Exploring the Possible Impacts of WTO Rules on Fisheries Subsidies: The Case of the Southern Longline Tuna Fishery in the Western and Central Pacific

    This case study explores the potential impact of new rules on fisheries subsidies on the southern longline tuna fishery in the Western and Central Pacific ocean.

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  • Report
    How to Target Electricity and LPG Subsidies in India: Step 1. Identifying Policy Options

    How to Target Electricity and LPG Subsidies in India: Step 1. Identifying Policy Options

    This report identifies knowledge gaps that are limiting policy making for better targeting of energy access subsidies in India. It identifies a number of targeting interventions that could be employed to better target subsidies for electricity and LPG.

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  • Policy Brief
    Support to Fuel Consumption for Fisheries

    Support to Fuel Consumption for Fisheries

    This policy brief provides an up-to-date evidence base for WTO negotiations on fisheries subsidies by collecting the information available on fuel support to fishing from WTO subsidy notifications, WTO trade policy reviews and the OECD’s Fisheries Support Estimate database.

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  • Report
    Exploración de los Posibles Impactos de las Reglas de la OMC Sobre Subsidios a la Pesca: El Caso del Camarón en la Costa Oeste de América Latina

    Exploración de los Posibles Impactos de las Reglas de la OMC Sobre Subsidios a la Pesca: El Caso del Camarón en la Costa Oeste de América Latina

    Este caso de estudio explora el posible impacto en la pesca de camarón en el Pacífico Oriental Tropical de nuevas reglas sobre los subsidios pesqueros. 

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  • Report
    Gender and Fossil Fuel Subsidy Reform in India: Findings and recommendations

    Gender and Fossil Fuel Subsidy Reform in India: Findings and recommendations

    The report examines the impacts of India’s subsidies to cooking gas—and their reform—from a gender perspective. It explores how liquified petroleum gas (LPG) subsidy policies and their reform affect women and girls in low-income households.

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  • Blog
    Deep Dive Into Fisheries Subsidies, Part 1: Senegal and the suffering sardinella

    Deep Dive Into Fisheries Subsidies, Part 1: Senegal and the suffering sardinella

    Overfishing has reached alarming proportions in West Africa, affecting the local economy, culture and people's daily lives. How can a WTO agreement on fisheries subsidies help?

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  • Report
    Une exploration des impacts potentiels des règles de l'OMC sur les subventions à la pêche : Le cas de la pêcherie de sardinelles en Afrique de l'Ouest

    Une exploration des impacts potentiels des règles de l'OMC sur les subventions à la pêche : Le cas de la pêcherie de sardinelles en Afrique de l'Ouest

    Cette étude de cas examine la manière dont de nouvelles règles de l’Organisation mondiale du commerce sur les subventions à la pêche pourraient concrètement affecter la pêcherie de sardinelles au large des côtes ouest-africaines.

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