Supporting Marine Fishing Sustainably: A review of central and provincial government support for marine fisheries in Indonesia
Central government support varies between USD 140 and USD 210 million a year, but it is unclear whether it always achieves its desired socio-economic impacts without undermining the environmental viability of the sector.
50% of central government support for fisheries is provided via fuel subsidies. Preliminary evidence suggests this benefits boat owners more than low-income fishers and can encourage overfishing.
Provincial-level support focus on vessel acquisition, modernization, and equipment. These measures are mostly targeted at pelagic fisheries, some of which are already fished at unsustainable levels.
Indonesia’s fisheries sector is an important source of nutrition, jobs, and income domestically and plays a key role in the country’s ability to achieve sustainable development. However, a number of fish stocks, including some with high economic value, are already suffering from overfishing, and many others are fully exploited.
Sound fisheries policy is thus essential to ensure fisheries can sustainably deliver socio-economic benefits for the Indonesian population. While some government interventions play a critical role in achieving key public policy objectives such as poverty alleviation, job creation, or resource management, there is strong evidence that certain forms of support can also contribute to the buildup of excessive fishing capacity and the depletion of fish stocks.
Ensuring that public support to fisheries promotes sustainable development in Indonesia thus requires a review of support measures benefiting the sector and their potential implications from a social, economic, and environmental perspective. This report aims to contribute to an informed, evidence-based national discussion in this area by developing an inventory of support measures provided to marine fisheries and identifying specific programs that should be prioritized for detailed evaluation in the future.
You might also be interested in
First WTO deal on fishing subsidies hailed as historic despite 'big holes'
After 20 years of failed negotiations, the World Trade Organization has secured a deal to curb harmful subsidies that contribute to overfishing. Conservationists and campaign groups welcomed last week’s agreement as historic, despite criticism of “big holes” in the agreement.
Battling to define success after the WTO summit
It’s a little over three days after the World Trade Organization ministerial came to an agreement as dawn broke over Lake Geneva, and I’m sure some attendees are still catching up on sleep. There’s been a veritable banquet since of hot takes for you to choose from. Among the more thoughtful and optimistic are this thread from academic and former WTO official Nicolas Lamp and this on the fishing subsidies issue from piscine guru Alice Tipping. In today’s main piece I talk with Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala, the institution’s director-general, who was very pugnacious indeed in declaring the ministerial a success, and muse on a couple of themes about how negotiations work and what they mean.
A Draft World Trade Organization Agreement on Fisheries Subsidies: What's on the table?
World Trade Organization (WTO) members hope to conclude a deal to curb harmful fisheries subsidies in June. This update provides an overview of the draft agreement and highlights how it attempts to find balance among various priorities and considerations.
In Focus: A Draft WTO Agreement to Curb Harmful Fisheries Subsidies
This June, members of the World Trade Organization have the opportunity to establish a historic treaty to curb harmful fisheries subsidies. In a new video, IISD expert Alice Tipping delivers a concise overview of the draft agreement.