A Brief Guide to Batteries

An overview of battery technology and related minerals for policy-makers and researchers working on the energy transition.

By Isabelle Ramdoo on November 1, 2022

This brief outlines key concepts and concerns for policy-makers and researchers interested in battery supply chains in the context of the low-carbon energy transition. It provides answers to important questions, including:

  • What are batteries, and why are they important for the low-carbon transition?
  • What are the main components of battery cells?
  • What minerals and metals are used in batteries, and where do they come from?
  • What does the mineral-to-battery value chain look like?