Often, however, the local and national development benefits of mining operations have been limited, and in some cases, the results have even been negative.
Historically, a focus just on mining company rights and the provision of government tax benefits, while giving limited attention to environmental, social, and local economic issues, has limited the sector’s contribution to sustainable development. Working to overcome these issues, governments, companies and communities increasingly recognize the need for a broader understanding of mining’s potential contribution to local and national development. Transforming this awareness into action requires building the capacity, knowledge, and tools required for appropriate reform of government and company policies and processes.
IISD has been deeply involved in the development of a Model Mining Development Agreement (MMDA) with the International Bar Association’s (IBA) Mining Law Committee. IISD was invited to join the core administrative group on this IBA project when it began in 2009. Since then, we have engaged with the global legal and business community to develop an approach based on a simple question: What would a mining contract with a developing country look like if one started from the perspective of sustainable development?
IISD has served as the secretariat to the Intergovernmental Forum on Mining, Minerals, Metals and Sustainable Development (IGF) since 2015. The IGF supports more than 75 nations committed to leveraging mining for sustainable development to ensure that negative impacts are limited and financial benefits are shared. It is devoted to optimizing the benefits of mining to achieve poverty reduction, inclusive growth, social development, and environmental stewardship.
The Intergovernmental Forum on Mining, Minerals, Metals and Sustainable Development (IGF) supports more than 75 nations committed to leveraging mining for sustainable development to ensure negative impacts are limited and financial benefits are shared.
Base Erosion and Profit Shifting (BEPS) in Mining
The project provides research and guidance to help resource-rich countries capture their fair share of benefits from the mining sector.
New Tech, New Deal
Examines how the mining sector can implement new technologies while allowing investments to serve as an engine for sustainable development for host countries and communities alike.
Commodity Trading: Understanding the tax-related challenges for home and host countries
Studies how commodity traders are involved in buying and selling mineral production from private mining companies in resource-rich developing countries. IISD identified any tax and financial risks for host country governments.
Executive Director, IISD Europe; Senior Director, Economic Law & Policy
Senior Policy Advisor and Lead, ECP
Policy Advisor, Tax and Extractives
Associate & Senior International Law Advisor
Outreach Manager and Law Advisor, IGF
Suzy H. Nikièma
Deputy Director, IGF
Gender Equality Advisor
Three Ways COVID-19 Shows Vulnerable Workers Need Stronger Social Protections
The mining sector hasn't been spared from COVID-19; with sites closing and mobility restricted, the livelihoods of vulnerable workers are in jeopardy. What can be done to ensure no one is left behind?
What Trump's EPA Rollbacks Show Us About the Importance of Co-Benefits
A recent ruling on how the EPA regulates mercury could have wide-ranging impacts on U.S. citizens and the environment.
IGF Guidance for Governments: Improving legal frameworks for environmental and social impact assessment and management
This IGF guidance document offers governments a summary of international best practices in legal frameworks for environmental and social impact assessment and related management plans for large-scale mines.
IGF Mining Policy Framework Assessment: Jamaica
This report first presents Jamaica’s development, mining, and legal contexts. It then highlights the key strengths and gaps in Jamaica’s mining policies and laws across six thematic areas before making recommendations for further capacity building and reform.
The Impact of COVID-19 on Employment in Mining
Governments must act now to foster a resilient job market in the mining sector and protect their communities’ livelihoods.
Force Majeure and COVID-19: Legal risks of a double-edged sword
This breifing note offers expert advice for governments on how to approach force majeure claims and defences amid the COVID-19 pandemic.
2019 IGF Annual Report
The IGF 2019 Annual Report highlights our commitment to our 76 member countries to ensure mining's benefits are shared and leveraged for sustainable development.
Mining Tax Policy Responses to COVID-19
The COVID-19 pandemic is first and foremost a humanitarian crisis. The level and type of relief required will vary by sector, and company, which is why IGF and ATAF have prepared this guide in English, French, and Spanish for resource-rich developing countries specifically.
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