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China Council for International Cooperation on Environment and Development - CCICED

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The China Council for International Cooperation on Environment and Development (CCICED) was established with the approval of the Chinese government in 1992.

Consisting of senior Chinese and international officials and experts, and chaired by China’s Executive Vice-Premier, it serves as a high-level advisory body with a mandate to conduct research and to provide policy recommendations to the Government of China on China’s environment and development.

The Council meets once a year at an annual general meeting (AGM), usually held in November and attended by upwards of 300 observers, to consider the reports and recommendations of task forces and special policy study groups that work throughout the year on various aspects of environmental and sustainable development policy. At the conclusion of the Meeting, the Council, drawing from these reports and an "issues paper" from its scientific Chief Advisors and from discussion during the AGM, approves a set of policy recommendations to the Chinese Government.

During Phases I-IV, the CIDA President was the Council’s International Executive Vice Chair, and as such was the lead international decision-maker on the Council. For Phases V and VI, it is the Minister for Environment and Climate Change Canada who serves as International Executive Vice Chair.

Travel Policy

2019 AGM Documents

Open Forum Agendas

  1. China's High-quality Economic Development and Green Transformation during the 14th Five Year Plan Period / 中国经济高质量发展与“十四五”绿色转型
  2. Post-Katowice Global Climate Governance / 卡托维兹后的全球气候治理
  3. 2050 Vision of Biodiversity Conservation / 生物多样性保护2050 愿景
  4. Blue Economy and Global Ocean Governance / 蓝色经济与全球海洋治理
  5. The Belt and Road Initiative and Green Urbanization / “一带一路”倡议与绿色城镇化
  6. Global Environmental Governance and Best Practices in the Business Sector / 全球环境治理与工商业最佳实践

Issues Paper / 关注问题报告

Overview of key trends from an international perspective

Policy Recommendations / 政策建议

Recommendations from the 2019 CCICED AGM

2019 CCICED Work Report / 国合会2019年工作报告

Summary of CCICED's work and achievements in the past year

Progress Report / 政策建议影响报告

Impact of the CCICED Policy Recommendations as demonstrated by the development of China's environmental and development policy progress in the past year

Council Structure

Council Members

Council Members meet once a year at an annual general meeting to submit policy recommendations on key environmental and sustainable development issues to the Government of China. These recommendations are discussed with a senior Chinese leader and transmitted formally to the Chinese Government.

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The Council usually numbers about 50 members who are appointed by the Chinese Government for five-year terms when a new Phase of the Council’s work begins. Approximately half are from China, made up of government officials at the vice-ministerial rank or other senior levels or senior experts and heads of research institutions. International members are of a similar stature and are invited to participate on the basis of their knowledge and expertise related to the environment. The CCICED Executive Committee exercises authority on behalf of the Council through a senior Chinese Secretary General. The Secretary General oversees CCICED's Secretariat in China, which is supported by IISD as the Secretariat International Support Office (SISO).

Currently, the Chairpersons of the Council are:


Han Zheng, Vice Premier of the State Council, CCICED Chairperson

Executive Vice Chair

Li Ganjie, Minister of Ministry of Ecology and Environment, CCICED Executive Vice Chair

Catherine McKenna, Minister of Environment and Climate Change Canada, CCICED Executive Vice Chair

Xie Zhenhua, China's Special Envoy on Climate Change; Deputy Director of the Committee of Population, Resource and Environment; CCICED Vice Chair

Achim Steiner, UNDP Administrator, CCICED Vice Chair

Erik Solheim, Executive Director, The United Nations Environment Programme, CCICED Vice Chair

Vidar Helgesen, Special Envoy to the High-level Panel on Building a Sustainable Ocean Economy; Former Minister, Ministry of Climate and Environment of the Kingdom of Norway, CCICED Vice Chair

Zhou Shengxian, Deputy Director of the Committee of Population, Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference, CCICED Vice Chair

Secretary General

Zhao Yingmin, Vice Minister of Ministry of Ecology and Environment, CCICED Secretary General

Chief Advisors

Chief Advisors are senior Chinese and International scientists who advise the Council on scientific and policy matters and monitor the work of task forces.

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Both a Chinese and an International Chief Advisor serve as the Council’s ongoing lead expert advisors. They are supported by a team of Chinese and international experts and undertake quality assurance for all inputs into the Council’s decisions. Their tasks include:

  • Assessing policy research proposal
  • Identifying priority research areas
  • Offering suggestions for policy research team membership
  • Preparing issues papers to focus the discussion at annual general meetings
  • Monitoring, guiding, and assessing the work of the policy research teams
  • Providing input into the drafting of Council recommendations for presentation to the Chinese government

Scott Vaughan of Canada and Professor Liu Shijin of China are the Council’s Chief Advisors. Scott was the President and CEO of IISD from 20132019. Prior to his work at IISD, Scott also served as Canada’s Commissioner of the Environment and Sustainable Development; Director of the Department of Sustainable Development, Organization of American States (OAS); Visiting Scholar, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace; Head of Economics, NAFTA Environment Commission; and Counsellor at the World Trade Organization (WTO).

Liu Shijin, Chinese Chief Advisor of CCICED

Scott Vaughan, International Chief Advisors of CCICED

Special Advisors

Special Advisors are an innovation of Phase VI. They are senior Chinese and international specialists and leaders in the area of environment and sustainable development who are called upon to contribute their wisdom to policy research studies and CCICED events. 

See list of CCICED members

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For Phase VI, a number of Chinese and international Special Advisors have been appointed to the Council. They are eminent specialists in the area of environment and sustainable development, who are called upon to contribute to the Council’s policy research work and its events, at the discretion of the CCICED leadership.

See list of current special advisors and their biographies.


Partners include a large number of countries, international organizations, and non-governmental organizations who contribute to the CCICED’s work.

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The Council receives significant financial support from a number of countries, international organizations, and NGOs. Canada is the largest contributor.

The international donors of the CCICED for Phase VI are:

  • Canada
  • Norway
  • Sweden
  • Germany
  • United Kingdom
  • Italy
  • Switzerland
  • Australia
  • France
  • Denmark
  • European Union
  • The Netherlands
  • UNDP
  • UN Environment
  • Asian Development Bank
  • World Economic Forum
  • Environmental Defense Fund
  • Rockefeller Brothers Fund
  • Energy Foundation
  • Stockholm Environment Institute
  • International Institute for Sustainable Development
  • Hong Kong University
  • World Wildlife Fund
  • World Resource Institute
  • Nature Conservancy
  • Client Earth
  • Ford Foundation
  • Global Green Growth Institute
  • TNC
  • Shell Company
  • Inditex 


The Secretariat Head Office is established under the aegis of the Department of International Cooperation of Ministry of Ecology and Environment(MEE), and operates under the leadership of the Secretary General, Deputy Secretary General(s) and Assistant Secretary General(s).

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The main responsibilities of the Secretariat include:

  • Organizing the Executive Members Meeting, Council Member Meeting and High-level Forum, Roundtables, Seminars, Dialogues, Advisory Meetings and other activities;
  • Managing the funds of the CCICED
  • Managing CCICED policy research projects;
  • Disseminating CCICED research findings;
  • Establishing, maintaining and expanding CCICED partnerships;
  • Providing support to Council Members, Chief Advisors and Special Advisors;
  • Developing capacity building programs on environment and development for Chinese senior officials
  • Other tasks as assigned by the Secretary General

Mr. Zhao Yingmin, Secretary General of CCICED,Vice Minister of the Ministry of Ecology and Environment of the People's Republic of China

Mr. Guo Jing, Deputy Secretary General of CCICED, Director General of International Cooperation Department, MEE

Ms. Fang Li, Assistant Secretary General of CCICED, Deputy Director General of Foreign Economic Cooperation Office, MEE

The Secretariat International Support Office (SISO)

The Secretariat shall obtain support in the international aspects of the Council's activities from the Secretariat International Support Office (SISO), the position currently held by the International Institute for Sustainable Development (based in Canada). Its main functions include:

  • Functioning as an executing agency for the primary donor country's project on CCICED.
  • Providing support to the Secretariat regarding funding support and management on international contributions, based on principles agreed by concerned parties.
  • Receiving and managing international donations based on donors' willingness and regulations, playing the role of an international executing agency for relevant donors.
  • Contracting the international experts who work for policy studies of the Council when necessary and managing the payments to international experts. Also contracting the International Chief Advisor and international members of the support team.
  • Providing assistance in preparing AGMs, including the international travel arrangements for international Council Members.
  • Assisting in preparing the annual Work Plan including the budget plan, as well as the other Council activities.
  • Tracking the results achieved by the Council.
  • Providing assistance to the Secretariat in preparing annual work reports and financial reports as required.
  • Providing training programs and technical support to the Secretariat as appropriate.

Task Forces

Task Forces during Phase VI are thematic areas under which a number of special policy studies are established. These policy research teams meet throughout the year to prepare reports and policy recommendations on specific issues. Their findings become the basis for the Council’s policy recommendations to the Government of China.

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During Phase VI, the Council has established four Task Forces, which will explore important research themes. Under each Task Force, a number of Special Policy Study teams will be convened to research specific questions and report to the Council.

For all policy research study reports, please refer to the CCICED’s official site.


Council Documents

Economics, Investment, Finance and Trade   

The "Economics, Investment, Finance and Trade" topic area includes: pricing policies; market based environmental instrument; resource and environmental economics; green economy and green growth; green finance and taxation;insurance and risk management; trade and investment; natural resource and environmental accounting; and, market supply chains and green procurement.

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Ecosystems and Biodiversity Conservation

The "Ecosystems and Biodiversity Conservation" topic area includes: conservation of species, ecosystems and ecosystem services; ecological restoration, ecological construction; eco-compensation; parks and nature reserve management; ecological redlining; invasive species; wildlife smuggling, habitat destruction and other illegal practices; sustainable fisheries, forest and grassland management; sustainable agriculture; China’s ecological footprint.

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Energy, Environment and Climate

The "Energy, Environment and Climate" topic area includes: energy supply, generation and distribution systems; coal consumption; low carbon economy; alternative and renewable energy sources; greenhouse gas emissions; climate change mitigation and adaptation.

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Governance and Rule of Law

The "Governance and Rule of Law" topic area includes: environmental laws, regulations and enforcement; environmental impact assessments process; public participation; government and civil society capacity for environmental governance; institutional and management innovation.

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Individual and Enterprise Concerns and Responsibilities

The "Individual and Enterprise Concerns and Responsibilities" topic area includes: sustainable consumption; health impacts of pollution; access to environment and development information and data; engagement in environmental hearings; monitoring and enforcement

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Planning for Sustainable Development, Conservation and Environmental Protection

The "Planning for Sustainable Development, Conservation and Environmental Protection" topic area includes: regional planning; airshed and watershed management integration of environmental concerns in China’s Five Year Plans; data requirements for planning; Ecological Civilization; green development and environmental management.  

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Pollution Prevention, Control and Mitigation

The "Pollution Prevention, Control and Mitigation" topic area includes: all pollution-related topics (air, water, oceans, soil); agriculture and non-point pollution; Clean Production, Circular Economy; War on Pollution; drinking water, sewage, solid waste management; indoor pollution.

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Regional and Global Engagement

The "Regional and Global Engagement" topic area includes: regional and global treaties, agreements and conventions; impacts of China’s external trade and investment on environment; environmental issues related to South-South cooperation including the ‘One Belt, One Road’ initiative; China and the World environmental relationships; international cooperation on environment and development.

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Urbanization, Industrialization and Transportation

The "Urbanization, Industrialization and Transportation" topic area includes: Energy efficiency for urban development; low carbon industrialization, green industrial production; good city models; green travel development.

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Science, Technology and Innovation

The "Science and Technology Innovation" topic area includes: new technologies for pollution control and mitigation; green chemistry; clean technology; green building construction; climate change and other sustainability technological innovations.

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