Review of Current and Planned Adaptation Action in Ethiopia
This report provides a snapshot of adaptation action in Ethiopia, where climate variability and change, including rising temperatures and increasing rainfall variability, challenge the country’s efforts to realize its vision of inclusion and prosperity.
Climate change is expected to negatively impact progress in sectors such as agriculture, transportation, energy and health. Ethiopia’s pastoral and agro-pastoral communities, as well as smallholder farmers, are particularly vulnerable to climate change, and will require a concerted focus on adaptation to reduce poverty and build resilience. The Government of Ethiopia has made efforts to recognize climate change as a risk in sectoral policies on agriculture, health and energy. The majority of national and international programming efforts concentrate on the agricultural sector, including pastoralism, as well as disaster risk management and capacity building for government officials and civil society. The country’s Growth and Transformation Plan, Programme of Adaptation to Climate Change, and Climate Resilient Green Economy Strategy are key national roadmaps that guide these efforts. However, there are gaps in adaptation action addressing vulnerabilities in specific sectors, notably health, transportation and energy. This report is one in a series of country reviews prepared by IISD in support of the Collaborative Adaptation Research Initiative in Africa and Asia (CARIAA).