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Two African women carrying bundles of sticks walking down a dirt path.

Energy Subsidies & Gender

Evidence finds that fossil fuel subsidies are bad for poverty reduction, the environment and fiscal sustainability—and are therefore in need of reform. There is little data on their different impacts on women and men, nor on how it can reduce gender inequality.

Reports: Gender and Fossil Fuel Subsidy Reform in India: Findings and recommendations

The report examines the impacts of India’s subsidies to cooking gas—and their reform—from a gender perspective. On average, when cooking with liquified petroleum gas (LPG) rather than biomass, women saved about one hour per day due to reduced cooking and cleaning times. The report recommends reviewing subsidy targeting policies so that more poor households benefit from ongoing LPG subsidies because its findings sho

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