From Bali to Marrakech: A decade of international climate negotiations
Since 1992, the International Institute for Sustainable Development’s Earth Negotiations Bulletin (ENB) has reported from the front lines of international environmental negotiations.
Governments, non-governmental organizations, the media, and academics have relied on the Bulletin as an indispensable record of many negotiating processes over the past 25 years, including, and most notably for this book, the United Nations
Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).
The ENB’s reporting on international climate change negotiations is the closest we have to an oral history of this process. The daily ENB reports provide an objective and balanced summary of each day’s negotiations during the course of a meeting. Forty-eight hours after its conclusion, the ENB publishes a summary and analysis of the negotiations. The analysis represents a snapshot in time, recording the impressions of diplomats, ministers, the Secretariat, observers and ENB writers at the end of the meeting.
This book builds on the ENB’s coverage of climate change negotiations during the decade from 2007-2016 and provides an overview of the journey from the meeting of the Conference of the Parties (COP) in Bali, Indonesia, that set the process in motion to negotiate a successor agreement to the 1997 Kyoto Protocol, an inflection point in global climate change governance. Public and political interest rose sharply at this point, and remained high throughout the peaks and valleys of global efforts to address climate change. The culmination of this process was the adoption of the landmark Paris Agreement in 2015, which established a common framework for all countries to reduce global greenhouse gas emissions and promote efforts to boost resilience to the impacts of climate change.
Each chapter represents a year of climate negotiations based on the ENB’s analysis of each session of the COP. We have also included a summary of each intersessional period to add the necessary context and tie the analyses together. This is not meant to be a comprehensive history of the UNFCCC negotiations but rather an abridged version of ENB’s reporting during this period.
Writer/Editor, Earth Negotiations Bulletin
Rishikesh Ram Bhandary
Writer/Editor Earth Negotiations Bulletin
Executive Editor, Earth Negotiations Bulletin
Mari Luomi (PhD)
Writer/Editor Earth Negotiations Bulletin
Writer Earth Negotiations Bulletin
Writer, Earth Negotiations Bulletin
You might also be interested in
Can a $20 billion bet wean Indonesia off coal?
Less than a year after it was announced, a $20-billion bet to wean Indonesia off coal is mired in controversies over financing and the construction of new plants to power industry. The Just Energy Transition Partnership for Indonesia was unveiled last November and follows a model first trialed in South Africa, with rich countries pledging funds for the developing world's energy transition.
New Report Finds Carbon Capture And Storage Far Too Expensive
A new report by the International Institute for Sustainable Development found carbon capture and storage (CCS) technologies to be very expensive in Canada. According to the report, which focuses on carbon capture in the context of Canada's oil and gas industry, the climate solution’s persistently high costs are rooted in the "high design complexity and the need for customization."
G20 Summit Agreement Fails To Strengthen Coal Phase-Down Even As Data Show High Per Capita Coal Emissions
As world leaders gather in New Delhi for the Group of 20 (G20) Summit–with 19 member countries and the European Union–data show that a majority of the group still has very high per capita coal power emissions. At the summit, countries agreed to "pursue further efforts" to limit the global average temperature rise to 1.5 degrees celsius, agreeing to "encourage efforts to triple renewable energy capacity globally" but the G20 New Delhi Leaders Declaration included no new commitment on phasedown of coal power or on phasing down all fossil fuels.
G20 aims to triple renewable energy capacity; no mention of fossil-fuel phase-out
G20 countries on Saturday said they will aim to triple global renewable energy capacity by 2030 and expedite efforts to phase down coal power in line with national circumstances but did not commit to a phase-out of all polluting fossil fuels, including oil and gas.