Climate Resilience and Food Security in Central America
Food security in Central America is directly influenced by climate variability and, increasingly, by climate change.
Periods of heavy rainfall, for example, can reduce crop yields and destroy critical infrastructure. Enabling proactive approaches to addressing these issues requires knowledge about the underlying factors that enable food systems and communities to absorb climate shocks and stresses before slipping into emergency situations. For food systems and communities to be truly food secure and climate resilient, a better understanding of these underlying factors and ways to monitor how they change over time is required.
This project aimed to improve climate resilience and food security at different scales in three countries: Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua. To achieve this goal, it explored the factors that influence the resilience of food systems to climate shocks and stresses, and developed practical indicators to monitor such factors at both the community and national levels. The project also looked at how key government policies and programs affect the climate resilience of food systems. Through this analysis, the project led to the development of a new framework designed to support the analysis of community-level food security in the context of climate shocks and stresses, as well as of resilience of food systems at larger scales.
The project's main outputs were two decision-making support tools designed to enable community members and policy-makers to assess vulnerability and resilience of food systems, develop resilience actions and design indicators to monitor that resilience over time. The tools were developed and tested through an iterative process grounded in practical field applications. IISD undertook this project in partnership with Action Against Hunger, Institute for Social and Environmental Transition (ISET), Regional University Center of the Atlantic Coast (CURLA), and the Faculty of Economic and Business Sciences and the Institute Development and Applied Research–Nitlapán of the Central American University (UCA). The project builds on IISD’s work in developing the Community-based Risk Screening Tool for Adaptation and Livelihoods (CRiSTAL) and other tools to support adaptive policies, such as ADAPTool.
How IISD Is Contributing to Inclusive, Global Food Security
We are proud to announce the Canadian Food Security Policy Group (FSPG) recently confirmed IISD as an associate member.
Using Process-Based Indicators to Help Design Effective Policies on Food Security in the Context of Climate Change
This briefing note presents a series of resilience indicators as examples for measuring the resilience of local food systems based on community consultations in Honduras and Nicaragua.It is primarily addressed to food security and resilience practitioners in Central America and for those working on…
Measuring Local Food Systems’ Resilience: Lessons learned from Honduras and Nicaragua
Climate variability and change are already affecting food security of vulnerable populations.Poor communities are particularly exposed to climate shocks, as their livelihoods are often highly climate-sensitive, and resources for coping and adapting to change are limited. Adaptation and resilience…
CRiSTAL Food Security 2.0 User's Manual. Community-based Risk Screening Tool - Adaptation and Livelihoods: Focus on Food System Resilience
CRiSTAL Food Security is a decision-support tool for local-level government staff and development practitioners to support climate resilience of food systems at the community level.It aims to help users to understand the key elements of a community food system and their sensitivity to climate…
FIPAT Guidebook: Food Security Indicator & Policy Analysis Tool
The relationship between climate resilience, food security and the policies and actions of multiple levels of government is complex.Government decision makers who want to build more climate resilient food systems need an analytical tool to help them identify required resilience actions, monitor…
You might also be interested in
Private Sector Investment in a Changing Climate: Resilient rice value chain development in Uganda
The Private Sector Investment in a Changing Climate (PSI–Climate) initiative aims to explore how domestic private sector investments can support climate risk management along agricultural value chains.
The Task Force for a Resilient Recovery
Task Force members are determined to make sure Canadian governments get the best advice on building a resilient economic recovery from the COVID-19 pandemic.
Enhancing Caribbean Civil Society’s Access and Readiness for Climate Finance
The small island developing states (SIDS) of the Caribbean region are disproportionately vulnerable to external economic shocks and natural disasters that can instantly erase years—if not decades—of development gains. However, accessing climate finance remains a challenging process for many governments and organizations working in the region.
China Council for International Cooperation on Environment and Development - CCICED
The China Council for International Cooperation on Environment and Development (CCICED) was founded in 1992 as a high-level international advisory body with the approval of the Government of China.