Financing a Just Energy Transition Through Fossil Fuel Subsidy Reform
Developing countries require financial resources to address climate change, reduce greenhouse gas emissions, and promote adaptation, but they often lack funding. Developed countries have pledged to provide climate finance to developing countries, but support is slow to arrive. Fossil fuel subsidy reform could help developing countries unlock a large amount of funding to support climate mitigation and adaptation, but this will require shifting financing away from fossil fuels and toward a just energy transition.
In 2009, G20 members committed to phasing out and rationalizing fossil fuel subsidies in the medium term. As of 2022, fossil fuel subsidies have not been phased out; instead, they exceeded USD 1 trillion globally for the first time—largely due to governments’ increased subsidies to cushion consumers from rising energy prices.
This official Civil 20 (C20) side event discusses the challenges and opportunities of reforming fossil fuel subsidies for different G20 members. It looks at options for generating new and additional sources of climate finance and for ensuring social and climate justice. The webinar includes input from speakers from Argentina, Brazil, India, Japan, and South Africa.
Vinod Menon, C20 Working Group Coordinator for Sustainable and Resilient Communities, C20
Presentation: Unlocking Finance with Fossil Fuel Subsidy Reform
Shruti Sharma, Senior Policy Advisor, IISD
Interventions from G20 Member Countries
Argentina | Guillermina French, Research Assistant, FARN
Brazil | Livi Gerbase, Policy Advisor, INESC
South Africa | Richard Bridle, Senior Policy Advisor, IISD
Japan | Kimiko Hirata, Executive Director, Climate Integrate
Christopher Beaton, Lead Sustainable Energy Consumption, IISD
Sanjay Vashist, Director, Climate Action Network South Asia
Chandra Bhushan, Founder and CEO, iForest
Kimiko Hirata, Executive Director, Climate Integrate
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