Environmentally conscious manufacturing
Environmentally conscious manufacturing (ECM) is a new way of thinking about manufacturing which focuses on the most efficient and productive use of raw materials and natural resources, and minimizes the adverse impacts on workers and the natural environment. In its most advanced form, a product's entire life cycle is considered, from design, raw material and natural resource use to end use and disposal.
In order to reach this goal, tools like life cycle analysis (LCA) may be used. Concepts like pollution prevention, energy efficiency, material substitution and maximization of recycled content guide the process.
Many of these other terms and concepts are used in conjunction with ECM, and are listed in the menu on the left.