Transportation and technology concept
Long-form article

IISD Trade and Sustainability Review, Volume 3, Issue 2, April 2023

This issue of the IISD Trade and Sustainability Review spans a range of trade topics, including the impact of artificial intelligence, trade as both a cause and solution to climate change, the economic trends of agricultural fertilizers, and strategies to foster cooperation between trade and sustainable agriculture.

By Managing Editor: Jennifer Freedman on April 13, 2023


Fostering Cooperation on Sustainable Agriculture and Trade at the WTO

Christophe Bellmann

There is a growing need to provide agriculture and trade solutions for the sustainability challenges that lie ahead. Christophe Bellmann, Head of Policy Analysis and Strategy at the Forum on Trade, Environment & the SDGs, provides strategies for the World Trade Organization to increase cooperation in this area.

Read article here.

Trade Ministers’ Coalition Seeks to Put Climate Action at the Heart of Global Trade Policies

Carolyn Deere Birkbeck

A new Coalition of Trade Ministers on Climate brings together 56 trade ministers to facilitate international cooperation on trade and climate. Carolyn Deere Birkbeck, founder and director of the Forum on Trade, Environment & the SDGs, overviews the key principles of the coalition and emphasizes the importance of collaboration and strong political leadership.

Read article here.

PPMs Are Back: The rise of new sustainability-oriented trade policies based on process and production methods

Andreas Oeschger and Elisabeth Bürgi Bonanomi 

A “new generation” of sustainability-oriented trade policies based on process and production methods (PPMs) has emerged. Andreas Oeschger, Junior Policy Analyst at IISD, and Elisabeth Bürgi Bonanomi, Head of the Sustainability Governance Impact Area at the University of Bern, review these methods and contextualize them based on examples of recently introduced PPM-based trade measures.

Read article here.

WTO’s Ossa: Trade is both a cause of and solution to climate change

Jennifer Freedman

Trade can have increasingly negative impacts on the environment and climate change. However, trade policy with the right incentives can also provide solutions to these challenges. Jennifer Freedman, managing editor of IISD’s Trade and Sustainability Review, interviews the WTO’s chief economist, Ralph Ossa, to discuss these details.

Read article here.

International Trade and Artificial Intelligence: Is trade policy ready for Chat GPT?

Pascal Krummenacher

Artificial intelligence poses challenges to varying degrees in the world of trade policy. Pascal Krummenacher, trade policy professional and former project officer at the World Trade Organization, points to where trade policy fails to address these issues and how the WTO must respond.

Read article here.

WTO Members Should Avoid Export Restrictions on Fertilizers to Deliver on Food Security

Facundo Calvo

The recent economic shocks to the fertilizer industry have put increasing pressure on importing countries. Facundo Calvo, policy analyst at IISD, provides insights on how to facilitate fertilizer trade so World Trade Organization members can deliver on food security.

Read article here.

Sheets of newspaper folded and stacked

Long-form article details

Focus area