Mining can be critical to achieving the development aspirations of many developing countries and remote regions.
Often, however, the local and national development benefits of mining operations have been limited, and, in some cases, the results have even been negative.
Historically, a focus just on mining company rights and the provision of government tax benefits, while giving limited attention to environmental, social and local economic issues, has limited the sector’s contribution to sustainable development. Working to overcome these concerns, governments, companies and communities increasingly recognize the need for a broader understanding of mining’s potential contribution to local and national development. Transforming this awareness into action requires building the capacity, knowledge and tools required for appropriate reform of government and company policies and processes.
IISD has been deeply involved in the development of a Model Mining Development Agreement (MMDA) with the International Bar Association’s (IBA) Mining Law Committee. IISD was invited to join the core administrative group on this IBA project when it began in 2009. Since then, we have engaged with the global legal and business community to develop an approach based on a simple question: What would a mining contract with a developing country look like if one started from the perspective of sustainable development?
IISD has served as the secretariat to the Intergovernmental Forum on Mining, Minerals, Metals and Sustainable Development (IGF) since 2015. The IGF supports more than 60 nations committed to leveraging mining for sustainable development to ensure that negative impacts are limited and financial benefits are shared. It is devoted to optimizing the benefits of mining to achieve poverty reduction, inclusive growth, social development and environmental stewardship.
Is Vanadium the “Valyrian Steel” of the Energy Transition?
In Game of Thrones, a sword forged out of Valyrian steel is recognized for its unparalleled strength and light weight. It is this advantage that denotes it as one of Westeros’s most sought-after materials. In the real world, its equivalent just might be vanadium.Read More
Dead Batteries Deserve a Second Life
Batteries should be recycled, so the valuable minerals therein—including cobalt and lithium—can stay in the economy.Read More
Sustainability and Second Life: The case for cobalt and lithium recycling
Adopting recycling in the mining sector and in supply chains is essential to ensure the transition to a low-carbon economy is responsible and sustainable for the longer term.Read More
IISD Reaction to Canadian Environment Commissioner’s 2019 Spring Reports
“Slow action on climate change that is disturbing.” That stark assessment wraps up Canada’s Commissioner of the Environment and Sustainable Development Julie Gelfand’s final report, released earlier today.Read More
2018 IGF Annual Report
The IGF 2018 annual report dives into our commitment to making sure mining’s benefits are not just shared but leveraged for sustainable development by our 69 member countries.Read More
Background Document: Legal Framework of Environmental and Social Impact Assessment in the Mining Sector
This background document identifies the issues and problems related to the legal framework of ESIAs and related plans in the legal framework of mineral resource-rich countries.Read More
IGF Mining Policy Framework Assessment: Kyrgyzstan
This report presents the mining policy framework (MPF) assessment for Kyrgyzstan, with a view to helping the government target its efforts in implementing the MPF.Read More
Not a Case of Either/Or: How government and mines in Zambia can save money through energy efficiency
For years, Zambia’s large hydroelectric dams were able to meet the power needs of its mines, but facing rising electricity demands the country opted to increase generation using coal, diesel and heavy fuel oil.Read More
What Do Bears and Smartphones Have in Common?
The challenge that electronics hibernation poses to the circular economy.Read More
Local Content Policies in the Mining Sector: Stimulating direct local employment
The paper, focused on stimulating direct local employment, is part of a set of expert documents to substantiate the IGF Guidance for Governments on local content policies, released in July 2018.Read More