Report

Turning Pledges Into Action

How Glasgow Statement signatories can meet their commitment to shift international public finance out of fossil fuels and into clean energy by the end of 2022

Glasgow Statement signatories made a commitment to end new international public finance for fossil fuels by the end of 2022 and fully shift their focus toward financing clean energy. Now, it's time to turn those pledges into action. This report analyzes the opportunities and challenges of implementation.
By Lucile Dufour, Bronwen Tucker, Laurie van der Burg, Murtiani Hendriwardani, Anna Geddes on June 29, 2022
  • Report by @IISD_news @PriceofOil @Tearfund finds countries need to get on track to meet @COP26 #StopFundingFossils commitment. With 6 months left, we need robust fossil-fuel exclusion policies and scaled up clean energy support.

  • Commitments to #StopFundingFossils CAN be implemented as a handful of countries have shown with robust fossil fuel exclusion policies. Dive into our report to see how countries can build an energy secure, sustainable & safe future by shifting finance to clean energy!

  • Glasgow Statement signatories could shift $28 billion/yr in intl' public finance out of fossils & into a just energy transition—but only a few have published updated policies that turn these pledges into reality. We need urgent action in the next 6 months!

At the 26th Conference of the Parties (COP 26) of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, 39 governments and public finance institutions joined the Statement on International Public Support for the Clean Energy Transition, a joint commitment to end international public finance for fossil fuels and instead prioritize public finance for clean energy.

The war in Ukraine and the compounding debt, climate, and energy price crises mean that now more than ever, public finance needs to be prioritized for the energy efficiency and clean energy solutions that can accelerate the transition toward a more secure, sustainable, and peaceful future away from fossil fuel dependence.

This report highlights key opportunities and challenges for signatories to the Glasgow Statement to meet their commitments to end international public finance for fossil fuels by the end of 2022 and instead prioritize public finance for clean energy. It identifies good practices for policies that exclude international public finance for fossil fuels, assesses the current status of implementation of the Glasgow Statement, and gauges the efforts required to implement the statement in line with the 1.5°C global warming limit. The report contains detailed case studies on Ethiopia and Sri Lanka, examining how the Glasgow Statement can play an important role in accelerating a clean and just energy transition in low- and middle-income countries.

This report explores the unprecedented potential and the challenges of implementing the statement. It finds that:

  • The Glasgow Statement could directly shift USD 28 billion in international public finance for fossil fuels toward a clean and just energy transition each year.
  • Most countries and institutions have yet to publicize Glasgow-aligned policies. Export credit agencies’ pre-existing policies lag behind most and need to be significantly improved.
  • The main implementation risks that signatories must avoid are introducing large exemptions for gas support and the lack of concrete strategies to increase transformative clean energy support.
  • Good practices exist: robust policies excluding international public finance for fossil fuels are in place in Denmark and the United Kingdom, as well as at Swedfund, the French Development Agency, Financierings-Maatschappij voor Ontwikkelingslanden, and the European Investment Bank.
  • Case studies on Ethiopia and Sri Lanka show that the Glasgow Statement can play an important role in avoiding fossil fuel lock-in and accelerating a clean and just energy transition in low- and middle-income countries.

The report recommends that high-income signatories that provide international energy finance should aim to develop and publish updated policies for ending international public finance for fossil fuels and advancing a clean and just energy transition by COP 27. These policies should match the existing best-in-class policies, aligning with the 1.5°C goal. In addition, signatories should use the statement as an opportunity to shift the wider international public finance landscape and work together to secure new signatories to join the statement by COP 27, notably by using their voices and votes as MDB shareholders against new financing for fossil fuel projects and ensuring that regional coalitions or associations align with the Glasgow Statement.

Report details

Topic
Climate Change Mitigation
Energy
Sustainable Finance
Focus area
Climate
Resources
Act Together
Economies
Publisher
2022
Copyright
IISD, 2022