Synergies Between Biodiversity and Climate Policy Frameworks – A Series of Thematic Papers

With scientific evidence, case studies, guidance for nature-based solutions, and existing policy opportunities, these thematic papers have everything policy-makers need to pursue more synergistic responses to address the co-existing challenge of climate change and biodiversity loss.

By Anika Terton, Elsa Tsioumani (PhD), Mathias Bertram (GIZ), Mara Bieler (GIZ), Paola Diaz (GIZ), Johannes Förster (UFZ), Anna Klaverkamp (GIZ), Daniel Plugge (GIZ), Isabel Renner (UFZ), Heidi Wittmer (UFZ) on May 20, 2022

Despite growing recognition that climate change and biodiversity loss are highly interlinked, policy efforts addressing both crises in an integrated manner remain limited. There is a need to make better use of existing opportunities to translate synergies into policies and implementation. The upcoming Conferences of Parties under the biodiversity and climate conventions provide further opportunities for this.

In this context, the International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD) and Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research (UFZ) contributed to the development of six thematic papers led by the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ), via the Support Project for the Design and Implementation of the New Global Biodiversity Framework (BioFrame) and the Support Project for the Implementation of the Paris Agreement (SPA), funded under the International Climate Initiative (IKI). These papers are published as a package and provide an overview, sound scientific basis, and inspirational examples and case studies of synergies between biodiversity and climate change commitments on a range of topics covering:

  • Legal agreements under the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) and the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)
  • Recent scientific findings (e.g. from the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES) or the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)
  • Practical implementation aspects related to nature-based solutions
  • Good governance
  • Multilevel implementation
  • Finance

The overall objective of this series is to enhance the understanding and policy uptake of such synergies, including through nature-based solutions, their enabling conditions, and the support mechanisms required for joint implementation and mainstreaming of biodiversity and climate change policies at the national and local levels. It seeks to inspire negotiators, policy- and decision-makers, and practitioners to identify and advocate for options that achieve multiple benefits for the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity and climate change adaptation and mitigation.

Download these Thematic Papers from

  1. Linkages and Synergies Between International Instruments on Biodiversity and Climate Change
  2. Linkages Between Biodiversity and Climate Change and the Role of Science-Policy-Practice Interfaces for Ensuring Coherent Policies and Actions
  3. Nature-Based Solutions: An Approach for Joint Implementation of Climate and Biodiversity Commitments
  4. Good Governance for Integrated Climate and Biodiversity Policy-Making
  5. From National to Local Implementation: A Collaborative, Multi-Level Effort to Achieve Joint Climate and Biodiversity Goals
  6. Delivering Financing for Joint Biodiversity and Climate Solutions

Report details

Climate Change Adaptation
Gender Equality
Governance and Multilateral Agreements
Focus area
The Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ)
The Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ), 2022