Environmental Impacts and Mitigation Costs Associated with Cloth and Leather Exports from Pakistan - Full Report

By Shahrukh Rafi Khan, Abdul Matin Khan, Sajid Kazmi, Haider Ghani, Mahmood A. Khwaja on January 9, 2003
This study looks at two key export industries in Pakistan: the leather industry and the cotton and textiles industry. It estimates the environmental impacts of trade liberalization along the lines laid out in the Uruguay Round's Agreement on Agriculture, focusing on increases in production to fill expanded quotas. The projected increases in pollution, assuming current technologies, are significant. It also estimates the costs in both sectors of adopting clean technologies, and finds these to be in most cases quite low.

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IISD, 2003