Background Document: Legal Framework of Environmental and Social Impact Assessment in the Mining Sector
Enrvironmental and social impact assessments (ESIAs), environmental and social management plans (ESMP), closure and rehabilitation plans, and potential resettlement action plans (RAPs) are essential tools for any process related to the granting of environmental permits or mining authorizations.
Unfortunately, these issues are often poorly considered in the initial phases of mining projects or are inappropriately monitored during subsequent operational phases. This is why the Intergovernmental Forum on Mining, Minerals, Metals and Sustainable Development (IGF) is focusing on ESIAs for their fourth Guidance for Governments.
The purpose of this background paper is to identify the issues and problems related to the legal framework of ESIAs and related plans in the legal framework of mineral resource-rich countries, as well as their implications for how the mining sector is governed, while exploring avenues for action and reflecting on appropriate solutions.
You might also be interested in
New Tech, New Deal: Mining policy options in the face of new technology
This report presents policy options to promote good governance as the mining sector increasingly adopts a range of new disruptive technologies.
Global Review: Financial assurance governance for the post-mining transition
This report outlines the current state of mine closure financial assurance to support post-mining transition governance.
Current Status of Mine Closure Readiness: Are governments prepared?
This briefing note summarizes the results of an IGF member survey and 14 country assessments along several mine closure themes.
IGF Guidance for Governments: Environmental management and mining governance
This document highlights the key issues, benchmarks, and standards in four main areas of environmental management in mining.