Conservation practitioners know all too well that their work is a form of conflict management, trying to reconcile competing (and sometimes incompatible) interests in the same—often dwindling—natural resource base. The links between natural resources and conflict are particularly evident in developing countries, where poverty, population growth and dependence on natural resources are high. Here, the availability of and access to natural resources are more likely to affect livelihood security, wealth distribution, power structures and even group identities—some of the most common sources of conflict. By trying to protect and sustainably manage the natural resource base and improve human well-being, conservationists are effectively working to minimize important causes of conflict. Conservation, in this regard, can be seen as a mechanism for conflict prevention and peacebuilding.
However, managing competing interests over scarce natural resources has its risks. Conservation policies and practices can create or exacerbate grievances that, in turn, lead to conflicts with, between and within local communities. Thus, efforts to manage and resolve natural resource-based conflicts through conservation can in themselves lead to other forms of conflict.
These dynamics underscore the need for practitioners to design and implement conservation strategies and activities that are sensitive to the causes and impacts of conflict. IISD’s conflict-sensitive conservation approach does just that: it offers guidance for conservation programming and implementation that takes into account the causes, actors and impacts of conflict in order to minimize conflict risks and maximize peacebuilding opportunities.
Since developing the approach, IISD has worked in a number of different contexts (East, West and Central Africa; Latin America) to integrate conflict sensitivity into conservation programming.
Conserving Biological Hotspots in Conflict-Affected Democratic Republic of Congo
Maiko National Park, in the eastern part of the Democratic Republic of Congo, is so remote that the park’s northern edge can only be reached by a seven-day walk through thick, inhospitable forest.
CSC Stories: Restoring the Lake Edward Fishery in Virunga National Park
A short profile of efforts by IISD and the Wildlife Conservation Society to address the impacts of conflict on the Lake Edward fishery in Virunga National Park in the eastern Democratic Republic of Congo.
CSC Stories: Developing Conflict-Sensitive Management Strategies in Public-Private Conservation Concession in the Amazon
A short profile of efforts to reduce social conflicts around the Los Amigos Conservation Concession in the Peruvian Amazon by incorporating the conflict-sensitive conservation approach into conservation planning and strategies.
CSC Stories: Supporting Community Conservation in Kahuzi Biega National Park
A short profile of work by IISD and the Wildlife Conservation Society to reduce people-park conflicts by strengthening community involvement in conservation strategies in Kahuzi Biega National Park in the eastern Democratic Republic of Congo.
Conservation and Peacebuilding in Sierra Leone
Conservation is an intensely political exercise and can be heavily contested.It inherently involves limiting or controlling the access to natural resources that communities and outsiders may depend on for their livelihoods. If managed effectively, conservation can play a role in peacebuilding and…
Conflict-Sensitive Conservation in Gola Rainforest National Park: Workshop Report
This workshop report summarizes a meeting on conflict-sensitive conservation (CSC) which was held in Kenema, Sierra Leone, on August 2, 2011.The objectives of the workshop were: a) to introduce staff and stakeholders of the Gola Forest Programme (GFP) to the CSC methodology; b) to identify existing…
Healing the Rift: Peacebuilding in and around protected areas in the Democratic Republic of Congo's Albertine Rift
This report summarizes a 27-month project that piloted a conflict-sensitive approach to conservation in the eastern Democratic Republic of Congo at four main sites: Virunga National Park, Kahuzi-Biega National Park, Itombwe Reserve and the Misotshi-Kabogo Massif.It built upon an 18-month project…
You might also be interested in
AquaHacking Lake Winnipeg
We are challenging young innovators to team up and develop new and innovative solutions to tackle urgent freshwater issues.
Measuring the Impact of Microplastics on Fresh Water
The impact of plastics on aquatic systems and the environmenta is big news and of major concern these days.
China Council for International Cooperation on Environment and Development - CCICED
The China Council for International Cooperation on Environment and Development (CCICED) was founded in 1992 as a high-level international advisory body with the approval of the Government of China.
Floating Treatment Wetlands
Floating treatment wetlands are little miracles that allow aquatic plants to grow in water that is typically too deep for them. The unique ecosystem that develops creates the potential to capture nutrients and transform common pollutants that would otherwise plague and harm our lakes into harmless by-products.