Trade and Sustainable Development Principles

By IISD on October 5, 2001

Trade and Sustainable Development Principles were drafted by nine eminent members of the trade, environment and development communities internationally.

The "Winnipeg Principles" include the following:

  • efficiency and cost internalization;
  • equity ;
  • environmental integrity;
  • subsidiarity;
  • international cooperation;
  • science and precaution; and
  • openness.

This concise book is designed to aid negotiators in trade, environment and development, as well as the wider group that influences their decisions: business, environment and development NGO's, academics and multilateral institutions in the United Nations and beyond.

The principles point to ways in which policies, practices and agreements can work to achieve.

Publication details

IISD, 2001