Sharing Risk and Revenues from PPPs: Perspectives from current practice in the road sector

By Wim Verdouw (IMG Rebel) on September 10, 2015

Accurately forecasting traffic demand is a key component in the planning process for a highway transportation project.

Traffic levels are particularly crucial in tolled highway projects, as they typically represent the main (and often sole) source of revenue for the project. Indeed, achieving a predefined revenue level is required to recover the investment costs and cover the costs of operating and maintaining the facility. This paper will seek to provide recommendations on how to address downside and upside revenue scenarios in PPP contracts. This paper will present two separate but related approaches:

  1. The “revenue risk sharing” approach seeks to protect the concessionaire against lower than expected revenues (the “downside” scenario). The goal in revenue risk sharing is to create an optimal risk allocation between the government and the concessionaire, which in turn generates value for money (VFM).
  2. The “upside revenue sharing” approach seeks to share any “upside” (or higher than expected revenues) between the two parties. The goal of revenue sharing is to avoid excessive returns for the concessionaire.

This paper was funded by the Danish International Development Agency (DANIDA).

Report details

Public Procurement
Focus area
IISD, 2015