On Clustering International Environmental Agreements

By Konrad von Moltke on January 15, 2002
There is widespread consensus that the existing structure of international environmental management needs reform and strengthening. The impetus for this consensus is fourfold:
  • The creation of the Commission on Sustainable Development (CSD) at the 1992 United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) did not result in the strengthening of international environmental regimes that some may have hoped for;
  • The imminent World Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD) to mark the tenth anniversary of UNCED, scheduled for November 2002 in Johannesburg, creates a deadline against which progress will be measured;
  • The continuing need to develop international responses to the challenges of sustainable development has resulted in a structure that is increasingly complex and widely viewed as inadequate to the growing needs that are associated with it;
  • The nexus between international economic and environmental policy has grown increasingly powerful, and threatens to result in a deadlock in both trade and environmental negotiations unless some of the organizational issues can be resolved in a satisfactory manner.

Report details

IISD, 2002