International trade has enormous potential to foster or frustrate sustainable development.
By allowing for specialization, trade can increase income and contribute to increased well-being. Openness to investment and trade can bring new environmentally friendly technologies and processes. But trade can also allow powerful global demand to deplete countries' natural resources and create increased pollution, and the benefits of trade are not always well distributed among and within nations. In seeking positive outcomes, IISD focuses on both on national-level trade policies and trade rules agreed at the World Trade Organization and in regional agreements.
Shining a Light on Fossil Fuel Subsidies at the WTO: How NGOs can contribute to WTO notification and surveillance
Fossil fuel subsidies undermine efforts to mitigate climate change and damage the trading system. However, multilateral discussion is hampered by inconsistent definitions and incomplete data.Read More
Making the International Trade System Work for Climate Change: Five Ways to Address Fossil Fuel Subsidies through the WTO and International Trade Agreements
Can the international trade system be a catalyst for reforming fossil fuel subsidies (FFSs) to help relieve the burden on the public purse, reduce local and global air pollution, improve energy security and tackle climate change?Read More
NAFTA’s Environmental Record: History, outcomes, impacts and options
IISD has asked various experts from across Canada, the United States and Mexico to give their perspectives on NAFTA and the pending negotiations. This commentary, written by IISD President and CEO Scott Vaughan is the introductary piece in this series.Read More
La renegociación del TLCAN: una oportunidad para el desarrollo sostenible / The Renegotiation of NAFTA: An opportunity for sustainable development
Isabel Studer, Executive Director for Mexico and Northern Central America, The Nature Conservancy gives us her take (in Spanish and English) on the NAFTA negotiations and their impact on sustainable development.Read More
NAFTA Renegotiations Offer Chance to Fix its Mistakes on Trade and the Environment
Geoff Garver, adjunct professor in interdisicplinary studies on environment and sustainability at McGill University and Concordia University, gives us his view on the need to fix the environmental provisions in NAFTA.Read More
- Policy Brief
Green Shift to Sustainability: Co-Benefits & Impacts of Energy Transformation on Resource Industries, Trade, Growth and Taxes
IISD President and CEO Scott Vaughan along with several representatives from various environmental NGOs, contributed to this G20 Insights policy brief on the benefits and impacts of energy transformation.Read More
IISD Speech: President and CEO Scott Vaughan at PAGE Ministerial Conference, Berlin
IISD President and CEO, Scott Vaughan's speaks at the PAGE Ministerial Conference in Berlin, Germany on March 27, 2017.Read More
Taking the Leap to Realign Trade and Sustainable Development: Now is the time
Senior Fellow Mark Halle explains why now, at this critical juncture, is the time to realign the trade sector and the concerns of the sustainable development agenda.Read More
Carbon Without Borders: Can trade policy support ambitious climate action?
The multilateral trade and climate regimes both face unprecedented uncertainty and strain. How should countries advance the urgent need for climate action without resorting to protectionism?Read More
As U.S. and Canadian Climate Policies Diverge, How Do We Ensure Canada’s Competitiveness?
With relatively new administrations on both sides of the border, the United States and Canada have staked out opposing views on climate change. That has environmentalists and businesses worried. This has potentially damaging consequences for Canada’s trade competitiveness.Read More