International trade has enormous potential to foster or frustrate sustainable development.
By allowing for specialization, trade can increase income and contribute to increased well-being. Openness to investment and trade can bring new environmentally friendly technologies and processes. But trade can also allow powerful global demand to deplete countries' natural resources and create increased pollution, and the benefits of trade are not always well distributed among and within nations. In seeking positive outcomes, IISD focuses on both on national-level trade policies and trade rules agreed at the World Trade Organization and in regional agreements.
Shining a Light on Fossil Fuel Subsidies at the WTO: How NGOs can contribute to WTO notification and surveillance
Fossil fuel subsidies undermine efforts to mitigate climate change and damage the trading system. However, multilateral discussion is hampered by inconsistent definitions and incomplete data.Read More
IISD Speech: IISD President and CEO Scott Vaughan at PAGE Ministerial Conference, Berlin
IISD President and CEO, Scott Vaughan's speech at the PAGE Ministerial Conference in Berlin, Germany on March 27, 2017.Read More
Taking the Leap to Realign Trade and Sustainable Development: Now is the time
Senior Fellow Mark Halle explains why now, at this critical juncture, is the time to realign the trade sector and the concerns of the sustainable development agenda.Read More
Carbon Without Borders: Can trade policy support ambitious climate action?
The multilateral trade and climate regimes both face unprecedented uncertainty and strain. How should countries advance the urgent need for climate action without resorting to protectionism?Read More
As U.S. and Canadian Climate Policies Diverge, How Do We Ensure Canada’s Competitiveness?
With relatively new administrations on both sides of the border, the United States and Canada have staked out opposing views on climate change. That has environmentalists and businesses worried. This has potentially damaging consequences for Canada’s trade competitiveness.Read More
A New Generation of Trade and Industrial Policy
IISD President-CEO Scott Vaughan presents ideas for a new generation of trade and industrial policyRead More
Trade in Transforming Our World: Options for follow-up and review of the trade-related elements of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development
This paper draws on the experience of IISD and ICTSD in trade, sustainable development, and international governance to provide an overview of how and where the trade elements of the 2030 Agenda might best be reviewed.Read More
The Trans-Pacific Partnership, Part I: A deal too far
The release of the Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement last fall has unleashed a heated debate over its costs and benefits.Read More
A New Year of Subsidy Reform
2016 begins with two historic global achievements in place to reform subsidies that harm the poor and damage the environment.Read More
TTIP and Climate Change: Low economic benefits, real climate risks
The Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP)—a trade and investment agreement under negotiation between the European Union and United States—can increase emissions and restrict the ability of nations to adequately mitigate and adapt to climate change.Read More