IISD publishes objective, independent, high-quality research, including books, reports, and other materials covering sustainable development themes.
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This policy brief presents findings from primary research investigating how voluntary sustainability standards can help smallholder farmers be more resilient during crises.
Experience from India shows that increasing taxes on gasoline and diesel are a politically and economically viable way for Indonesia to boost revenues for Covid-19 pandemic response and recovery.
Over-exploitation of natural resources harms the health of ecosystems and the livelihoods and wellbeing of people, but there are fair policy options.
This report examines how civil society groups in Canada can align their work to achieve just transition goals.
Nordic countries have successfully used environmental fiscal reform (subsidies, taxation and spending) as an economic recovery tool to boost revenues, economic growth and employment while reducing greenhouse gas emissions and air pollution.
The scale of the humanitarian crisis in Somalia is immense. It has also been described as the most vulnerable country in the world to climate change. Adaptation planning must start now.
This report explores new models for renewable energy development that create a greater role for public and community ownership in South Africa.
Although some argue that more deficit spending is problematic, the reality is that holding back on investments in a green recovery will create even more problems.
This report looks at how the OECD-led global digital tax reforms, specifically temporary timing differences, could affect mining countries.
Fuelled first by climate science and growing public concern, the global race to net-zero is now accelerating, sped along by the scale of economic opportunity and business risk.