International Protection of Investments: The substantive standards

By August Reinisch and Christoph Schreuer, published by Cambridge University Press, July 2020

This book outlines the common protection standards contained in international investment agreements and their application and interpretation by investment tribunals. It includes discussion of expropriation, fair and equitable treatment, full protection and security, the non-discrimination standards of national treatment and MFN, the prohibition of unreasonable and discriminatory measures, umbrella clauses, and transfer guarantees.

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