In September 2014, the European Commission refused to register “Stop TTIP,” a petition signed by over three millioncitizens requesting the Commission to stop trade and investment negotiations with the United States and refrain from concluding the Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement ( ) with Canada. In its refusal, the Commission argued that the proposed initiative did not fall within its powers.
However, in a May 10, 2017 judgment, the General Court of the European Union annulled the Commission’s decision. The court reasoned that “Stop TTIP” constituted a legitimate and timely initiation of a democratic debate, not an inadmissible interference in the legislative procedure, and that the Commission had no legal basis to reject its registration. The judgment was welcomed by several groups as a victory for European democracy.