About SSI

The State of Sustainability Initiatives (SSI) is an international research project that provides credible information about how voluntary sustainability standards (VSSs) can support better environmental and social performance in important commodity sectors.

Through our research, we strive to improve the effectiveness of VSSs and raise awareness about their potential to foster sustainable production and consumption among all stakeholders—from smallholder farmers, end consumers, and large manufacturers to government officials and investment banks.

We use advanced data collection and analysis to uncover important market trends, challenges, and opportunities. Equipped with this information, decision-makers can see how VSSs can promote inclusive and sustainable value chains. The SSI team also provides needs-based advisory services for developing-country governments.

What are Voluntary Sustainability Standards (VSSs)?

The United Nations Forum on Sustainability Standards (UNFSS) defines VSSs as “standards specifying requirements that producers, traders, manufacturers, retailers or service providers may be asked to meet, relating to a wide range of sustainability metrics, including respect for basic human rights, worker health and safety, the environmental impacts of production, community relations, land use planning and others.”

Over the last three decades, there has been exponential growth in the demand and supply of leading standard-compliant products, which has led to the growth and proliferation of VSSs. The multiplicity of these initiatives makes it increasingly challenging for stakeholders to stay informed on their utility, performance, and best practices.

Our Work

We examine the characteristics of VSSs to better understand their strengths and limitations to support sustainable development, focusing on important issues such as biodiversity conservation, poverty reduction, and gender equality. Insights from our analyses highlight opportunities for VSSs to push important commodity sectors towards sustainability.

We collect primary data from VSSs and standards bodies about their characteristics and market performance using quantitative and qualitative methods. We conduct research and collect secondary data related to sustainable markets, VSSs and development issues through extensive literature review and strategic partnerships with leading data providers. We also analyze data and provide recommendations for standards bodies and actors in the private sector and governments to enhance the effectiveness of VSSs as tools for sustainable development.

Read more about our work in our brochure.

Our History

The SSI project is a result of several multistakeholder meetings (2003-2006) on sustainable commodities production and trade, facilitated by the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) and the International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD), under the auspices of the Sustainable Commodity Initiative (SCI).

Building on requests for improved information on the performance and market opportunities associated with voluntary sustainability initiatives, the SCI, through a special partnership with the International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED) and Aid environment, launched the SSI project in 2008. IISD leads and manages the SSI as part of the Sustainability Standards program.

Our Team

Cristina Larrea

Lead Sustainability Standards

Nathalie Bernasconi headshot

Nathalie Bernasconi-Osterwalder

Interim Co-President and Co-CEO | Vice-President, Global Strategies and Managing Director, Europe


Steffany Bermúdez

Policy Advisor I


Sara Elder

Senior Policy Advisor, Standards Workstream


Erika Luna

Junior Policy Analyst

Sally Millett

Sally Millett

Communications Officer


David Perri

Senior Communications Officer


Florencia Sarmiento

Policy Analyst

Laura Turley's headshot

Laura Turley

Researcher and Contributor


Vivek Voora

Sustainability Standards Advisor


Our Partners & Supporters