Digging for Dividends: The use and abuse of investor-state dispute settlement by Canadian investors abroad

By Hadrian Mertins-Kirkwood and Ben Smith, published by Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives, April 2019

This report concludes that ISDS cases launched by Canadian investors outside North America follow a pattern of disproportionately targeting environmental policy in developing nations and that environmental policy is the fastest growing trigger for such cases. It finds that, since 1999, Canadian investors have initiated at least 43 ISDS claims against countries outside North America, whereas only one case has ever been brought against Canada by investors from a country other than the United States or Mexico. Available at https://www.policyalternatives.ca/digging-for-dividends