Information and Communications Warning System on Wildland Fire in Mozambique

Mozambique: Establishing Community-based Fire Management in Central Mozambique

Project Snapshot

  • Timeframe: June 2005 to August 2006; February 2008 to May 2009

  • Location: Sofala Province, Mozambique

  • Summary: Working in the central Mozambican province of Sofala, the pilot project sought to reduce vulnerability to uncontrolled wildland fires today and to promote the inclusion of climate change consideration in the design and implementation of relevant district- and national-level policies. It aimed to increase capacity at the community level to prevent, manage and fight fires; to improve coordination of fire management at the provincial level; and build the capacity of the National Disaster Management Institute to manage fires.

  • Lead Executing Agency: AMBERO-IP Consult

  • Funders: Global Environment Facility, Government of the Netherlands and the Government of Norway, with co-financing from Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit (GIZ)


Pilot Project Profile

For millennia, fire has been used in Mozambique to support livelihood activities such as agriculture, pastoralism, hunting and charcoal production. Fire remains a critical (and economical) tool for land management, and its use for this purpose is not a problem in and of itself. However, as traditional management systems have broken down, the number of uncontrolled fires in Mozambique has increased. Annually, these fires affect about 40 per cent of the country and have ramifications for human health and safety, economic development and the maintenance of ecological diversity. As the process of climate change continues, the frequency and intensity of these fires is anticipated to rise.

The ACCESA pilot project Community-based Fire Management in Central Mozambique was initiated in response to these concerns. It sought to reduce current vulnerability to uncontrolled wildland fires in Sofala Province and promote consideration of climate change impacts in the design and implementation of relevant district- and national-level policies. Completed in two phases (2005–2006 and 2008–2009), the pilot project pursued a multi-pronged approach to enhancing wildland fire management in Mozambique. At the local level, the pilot project sought to build capacity to prevent, manage and fight fires. At the provincial level, it sought to strengthen a multistakeholder roundtable for wildfire coordination. At the national level, the project worked with the National Disaster Management Institute (Instituto Nacional de Gestão de Calamidades or INGC) to build its fire management capacity.

By its conclusion in May 2009, the pilot project had:

At the conclusion of the pilot project, it was observed that the following steps should be taken to increase Mozambique’s capacity to manage wildland fires today and as the climate changes:

Outputs

For more information about this project, please contact:

Jo-Ellen Parry, Deputy Director, Climate Change and Energy, IISD