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Key Message

International cooperation built upon mutual respect and a strong understanding of the priorities and needs of different countries is essential to taking the actions needed to effectively address climate change.

Global Climate Actions

Achieving progress though the UNFCCC and the other international processes

The Earth's atmosphere is shared by all peoples of the world, with emissions of greenhouse gases in any one location affecting the global process of climate change. Collective action is therefore required to effectively implement the measures needed to mitigate and adapt to climate change. Through strong partnerships among countries, organizations and people it will be possible to develop and transfer innovative technology solutions, establish international emission trading systems able to deliver real reductions in greenhouse gas emissions in a cost-effective manner and introduce innovative ways of investing in climate change solutions. Multilateral processes can also support the development and sharing of strategies for reducing vulnerability to the impacts of climate change, particularly with respect to cross-border issues such as watershed management, migration and conflict.

The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) provides a basis for collective action that respects the common but differentiated responsibilities of developed and developing countries. Its work is increasingly complemented by commitments made through bilateral, regional and multilateral forums such as the Group of Eight, Group of 20 and the Major Economies Forum, and by numerous initiatives of development assistance organizations, multilateral agencies and civil society organizations. The growth of international activity outside the UNFCCC process in part reflects the increasingly urgent need to mitigate and adapt to climate change. Given the inherently protracted nature of the UNFCCC negotiations, which require unanimity among all participating countries, these complementary venues for promoting international cooperation may have greater potential to meet the need for decisive action on climate change.

Through its involvement with the UNFCCC and other international initiatives, the International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD) seeks to promote constructive solutions to climate change problems and challenges. Our work emphasizes the need to integrate climate change considerations across the full range of international policy spheres, including diplomacy, energy security, trade and investment, and development cooperation. It also aims to facilitate transparency within multilateral climate change discussions.


Highlighted Publications

Related IISD Research