Increasingly, we are seeing mitigation, adaptation and development objectives bundled under "Prosperity and Resiliency" agendas. This bundling has broadened the mitigation tent, with climate-focused overseas development assistance starting to prioritize investments with multiple co-benefits.
|· David Sawyer|
Vice-President, Climate, Energy and Partnerships
|· Jo-Ellen Parry|
Deputy Director, Climate Change and Energy
|· Anne Hammill|
Program Leader, Adaptation and Risk Reduction
|· Aaron Cosbey|
Associate and Senior Climate Change and Trade Advisor
|· Christopher Beaton|
Research and Communications Officer
|· Deborah Murphy|
|· Douglas Russell|
|· Frédéric Gagnon-Lebrun|
|· Jean Nolet|
|· Jessica Boyle|
|· Julie Dekens|
|· Marius Keller|
|· Matthew McCandless|
Bioeconomy Team Leader
|· Peter Wooders|
|· Philip Gass|
|· Seton Stiebert|
|· Daniella Echeverría|
|· Dale Beugin|
|· Jason Dion|
Project Officer and Economist
|· Maxine Cunningham|
|· Alicia Natalia Zamudio Trigo|
|· Melissa Harris|
|· Scott McFatridge|
|· Angela Marceniuk|
Project and Outreach Assistant
Ontario Moving in the Right Direction on Climate Policy: IISD input on climate policy design to the Ministry of the Environment
A proposed move by Ontario to establish elements of a carbon pricing system is a major step forward for climate policy. This move forward could define how a provincial system covering multiple sectors might be viewed under federal equivalency. It also provides another opportunity to establish carbon bridges between sectors and jurisdictions to keep compliance costs low. Importantly, it provides an opportunity for Ontario to implement cost-effective policy that minimizes competiveness impacts. Our modeling suggests that, under current proposals, compliance costs could be well below $15 per tonne in 2020 if full complacence flexibility is enabled. Emission reductions could be in the order of 3 Mt, or 7 per cent below a forecast of 2020 industrial emissions.
IISD becomes a Non-State Member of the Climate and Clean Air Coalition
Through the Climate Change and Energy team, IISD has become a non-state member of the Climate and Clean Air Coalition to Reduce Short-Lived Climate Pollutants (CCAC). The goal of the CCAC is to catalyze rapid reductions in these harmful pollutants to protect human health and the environment now and slow the rate of climate change within the first half of this century. IISD joins over 50 state and non-state partners in this task under the CCAC. IISD views the challenges associated with addressing SLCPs within the larger context of supporting a transition to low-carbon, climate resilient development. For more on IISD’s work in this area, click here.
A Mirage in the Deserts of Doha? Assessing the outcomes of COP 18
The recently concluded two-week conference in Doha, Qatar, marked the 18th session of the Conference of the Parties (COP 18) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).
This commentary provides an analysis of the outcomes, arguing that insofar as the process did achieve the key procedural goals of securing a second commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol, seeing the AWG-LCA track draw to a close, and continuing to shape discussions under the Durban Platform, Doha can be measured a “success.” But insofar as concrete or substantial progress was made on key issues including the architecture of a post-2020 agreement, mitigation and financing commitments, the outcomes were woefully inadequate.
Designing Effective REDD+ Safeguards Information Systems: Building on existing systems and country experiences
A key determinant of REDD+ success will be the continued development and implementation of safeguards. An important element of REDD+ safeguards is systems for providing information on how safeguards are addressed and respected. As negotiators gather for the latest round of UNFCCC negotiations in Bangkok, IISD has released a policy brief outlining key messages for negotiators and issues for consideration in the design and implementation of effective safeguard information systems for REDD+.
Regulating Carbon Emissions in Canada
Recognizing the need to rethink climate policy along regulatory lines, IISD’s Climate Change and Energy program has launched the initiative, Regulating Carbon Emissions in Canada.
Climate change is one of the most critical challenges facing humanity today. The process of change unleashed by the rapid rise of atmospheric greenhouse gas emissions, historically and today, has the capacity to alter our economic systems, ecological networks and social relationships.
To minimize the adverse impacts of climate change, significant reductions in greenhouse gas emissions are needed on an urgent basis. Yet achieving these reductions will be challenging given current reliance on fossil fuel–based energy systems for the achievement of economic development. Combating climate change therefore requires finding answers to fundamental questions such as:
How do we significantly reduce greenhouse gas emissions while still meeting the growing energy needs of developing countries?
How to we reduce the vulnerability of communities to the impacts of a changing climate?
How do we do this on an urgent basis?
Creative policy responses based on solid research, shared knowledge and strong partnerships are needed to provide answers to these questions.
IISD is working to provide progressive policy solutions in North America and at the global level that are supported by individuals, companies and governments that have the capacity to take concrete actions. Our work includes:
Developing well-designed, market-based mechanisms—such as effective emission trading systems—to reduce the costs of emission reductions, incentivize the deployment of low-carbon energy technologies and encourage technology transfer to less developed countries.
Identifying ways in which trade policy can effectively contribute to climate mitigation efforts and areas of potential conflict between the global climate and trade regimes.
Promoting sustainable agriculture and forestry practices to simultaneously enhance carbon storage and reduce vulnerability to the impacts of a changing global climate.
Providing intelligence, advice and analysis to governments and private sector clients on the continual evolution of national and international climate policy.
As well, through our work in the area of adaptation and risk reduction, we are:
Designing and implementing tools, actions and policies able to help communities and governments in developed and developing countries prepare for and respond to the impacts of climate change.
Understanding the potential for climatic changes to exacerbate social tensions and violent conflicts—including the role that adaptation actions may play in either promoting or undermining peace-building efforts.
Global Climate Actions
Climate change is a global problem that requires global solutions. Cooperation achieved through a diversity of international forums, including the UN Climate Change Convention, bilateral agreements and the work of multilateral organizations, is required if we are to find needed solutions.
To achieve their sustainable development goals, developing countries must overcome the daunting challenge of transitioning to a low-carbon economic development pathway while simultaneously adapting to a changing climate.
North American Climate and Energy Policy
Reflecting the integrated energy systems and strong economic linkages between Canada, the United States and Mexico, continental cooperation is required to deliver timely, creative and sustainable policy frameworks for clean energy and climate action in North America.
Enhanced management of agricultural and forested lands has the potential to play a strong positive role in reducing the release of greenhouse gases and building robust ecosystems that support adaptation to the impacts of climate change.
Cross-cutting Issues: Trade and Climate Change
There are a number of ways in which trade policy might help serve climate change goals, but this will only happen if we fully understand the potential and map out how to exploit it. As well, a number of climate change measures may have negative trade impacts, and we need to understand these well enough to take those impacts into account and avoid them where possible.
Climate Change and Security
It is increasingly recognized that climate change could affect political and economic stability and thereby increase tensions within and among countries. Through a better understanding of the relationship between climate and security, effective ways to address those problems can be identified.
Adaptation and Risk Reduction
IISD is designing and implementing the appropriate tools, actions and policies that are needed to prepare for and respond to the impacts of climate change.
Global Subsidies Initiative
Subsidies can have a corrosive effect on environmental quality, economic development and governance. A central research stream of the Global Subsidies Initiative examines government subsidies in the energy sector, such as for biofuels and fossil fuels, and their implications for addressing climate change.