A Sustainability Toolkit for Trade Negotiators:

Trade and investment as vehicles for achieving the 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda

Suggested Readings

Related online resources

InforMEA:  United Nations gateway to multilateral environmental agreements, including access to full text, official documents, information on parties and ratification.

Ecolex:  Gateway to environmental law, including information on treaties, international soft-law and other non-binding policy and technical guidance documents, national legislation, judicial decisions, and law and policy literature.

TREND (Trade and Environment Database) Analytics:  User-friendly interface that yields results from a database of environmental provisions in more than 600 regional trade agreements.

 

Why is sustainable development important to trade agreements?

Cosbey, A. 2009. A Sustainable Development Roadmap for the WTO. Winnipeg: IISD. Retrieved from: http://www.iisd.org/library/sustainable-development-roadmap-wto.

UNEP. 2015. Sustainable Trade and Investment: Achieving the Sustainable Development Goals – Geneva: UNEP. Retrieved from: http://drustage.unep.org/greeneconomy/resources/publication?f[0]=field_thematic_sector%3ATrade#sthash.hHAvTTe9.dpuf.

WTO. 2011. Harnessing Trade for Sustainable Development and a Green Economy. Geneva: WTO. Retrieved from: https://www.wto.org/english/res_e/publications_e/rio20_e.htm.

 

Environmental Provisions

Clive, G. 2014. Environment and Regional Trade Agreements: Emerging Trends and Policy Drivers. OECD Trade and Environment Working Paper. Paris: OECD. Retrieved at: http://www.oecd-ilibrary.org/trade/environment-and-regional-trade-agreements_5jz0v4q45g6h-en.

Cosbey, A., Kulovesi, K, Casier, L. and von Moltke, A. 2014. Trade and Green Economy: A Handbook (third edition). Winnipeg/Geneva: IISD/UNEP. Retrieved from: http://web.unep.org/greeneconomy/trade-and-green-economy-handbook.

Gallagher, P and Serret, Y. 2011. Implementing Regional Trade Agreements with Environmental Provisions: A Framework for Evaluation. OECD Trade and Environment Working Paper. Retrieved from: http://www.oecd-ilibrary.org/trade/implementing-regional-trade-agreements-with-environmental-provisions_5kg3n2crpxwk-en.

Tébar-Less, C. and Kim, J.A.  2008. Checklist for Negotiators of Environmental Provisions in Regional Trade Agreements. OECD Trade and Environment Working Paper. Retrieved from: http://www.oecd-ilibrary.org/trade/checklist-for-negotiators-of-environmental-provisions-in-regional-trade-agreements_235708858388.

Leipziger, D, Simmons, B. and Autio, A. 2011. Corporate Social Responsibility and Regional Trade and Investment Agreements. Geneva: UNEP. Retrieved from: http://www.unep.ch/etb/publications/CSR%20publication/UNEP_Corporate%20Social%20Responsibility.pdf.

Morin, Jean-Frédéric. 2016. TREND (TRade and ENvironment Database) Codebook.  Retreived from: https://www.chaire-epi.ulaval.ca/sites/chaire-epi.ulaval.ca/files/codebook_public_july.pdf.

UNEP. 2011. Corporate Responsibility and Regional Trade and Investment Agreements. UNEP. Retrieved from: http://drustage.unep.org/greeneconomy/sites/unep.org.greeneconomy/files/publications/unep_corporate_social_responsibility.pdf.

Von Moltke, A. 2011. Fisheries Subsidies, Sustainable Development and the WTO.  Geneva: UNEP.

UNEP. 2007. Trade-Related Measures and Multilateral Environmental Agreements. UNEP. Retrieved from: http://drustage.unep.org/greeneconomy/sites/unep.org.greeneconomy/files/publications/traderelated_measurespaper.pdf.

 

IPRs

Correa, C., Shashikant, S. and Meienberg, M. 2015. Plant Variety Protection in Developing Countries: A Tool for Designing a Sui Generis Plant Variety Protection System: An Alternative to UPOV 1991. APBREBES, Berne Declaration, Development Fund, SEARICE and TWN. Retrieved from: http://www.apbrebes.org/news/new-publication-plant-variety-protection-developing-countries-tool-designing-sui-generis-plant.

Cosbey, A., Kulovesi, K, Casier, L. and von Moltke, A. 2014. “Intellectual Property Rights”, Section 5.5 in Trade and Green Economy: A Handbook (third edition). Winnipeg/Geneva: IISD/UNEP, pp 85-92. Retrieved from: http://web.unep.org/greeneconomy/trade-and-green-economy-handbook.

 

Services

Adlung, R. 2015. The Trade in Services Agreement (TISA) and Its Compatibility with GATS: An Assessment Based on Current Evidence. World Trade Review, 14, pp 617-641. Retrieved from: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/278667654_The_Trade_in_Services_Agreement_TISA_and_Its_Compatibility_with_GATS_An_Assessment_Based_on_Current_Evidence.

Gould, E. 2005. How GATS Undermines the Right to Regulate: Lessons from the US-Gambling Case. Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives.  Retrieved from: https://www.policyalternatives.ca/publications/reports/how-gats-undermines-right-regulate.

International Trade Centre (ITC). 2014. Trade in Environmental Goods and Services: Opportunities and Challenges. Geneva: ITC. Retrieved from http://www.intracen.org/uploadedFiles/intracenorg/Content/Publications/AssetPDF/EGS%20Ecosystems%20Brief%20040914%20-%20low%20res.pdf.

 

Government procurement

European Union. 2016. Buying Green! A Handbook on Green Public Procurement (third edition). Brussels: European Union. Retrieved from: http://ec.europa.eu/environment/gpp/buying_handbook_en.htm.

 

Investment

Bernasconi-Osterwalder, N., Cosbey, A., Johnson, L., Vis-Dunbar, D. 2011. Investment Treaties and Why They Matter to Sustainable Development: Questions and answers. Winnipeg: IISD.  Retrieved from: http://www.iisd.org/library/investment-treaties-and-why-they-matter-sustainable-development-questions-and-answers.

Bernasconi-Osterwalder, N. 2014. State-State Dispute Settlement Clause in Investment Treaties. IISD Best Practices Series.  Winnipeg: IISD. Retrieved from: http://www.iisd.org/library/iisd-best-practices-series-state-state-dispute-settlement-clause-investment-treaties.

Mahlik, M. 2009. Definition of Investment in International Investment Agreements. IISD Best Practice Advisory Bulletin #1. Winnipeg, IISD. Retrieved from http://www.iisd.org/library/definition-investment-international-investment-agreements.

Mahlik, M. 2009. Fair and Equitable Treatment. IISD Best Practice Advisory Bulletin #3. Winnipeg, IISD. Retrieved from: http://www.iisd.org/library/fair-and-equitable-treatment.

Malik, M. and Bernasconi-Osterwalder, N. 2013. Registration and Approval Requirements in Investment Treaties. IISD Best Practices Series.  Winnipeg: IISD. Retrieved from: http://www.iisd.org/library/best-practices-registration-and-approval-requirements-investment-treaties.

Mann, H., von Moltke, K, Cosbey, A., Peterson, E. 2005. IISD Model International Agreement on Investment for Sustainable Development – Negotiators’ Handbook. Winnipeg: IISD.  Retrieved from http://www.iisd.org/library/iisd-model-international-agreement-investment-sustainable-development-negotiators-handbook.

Marshall, F.  2009. Risks for Host States of the Entwining of Investment Treaty and Contract Claims: Dispute Resolution Clauses, Umbrella Clauses, and Forks-in-the-Road. IISD Best Practice Advisory Bulletin #4.  Winnipeg: IISD. Retrieved from: http://www.iisd.org/library/risks-host-states-entwining-investment-treaty-and-contract-claims-dispute-resolution-clauses.

Nikièma, S. 2013. Compensation for Expropriation. IISD Best Practices Series. Winnipeg: IISD. Retrieved from: http://www.iisd.org/library/best-practice-compensation-expropriation.

Nikièma, S. 2014. Performance Requirements in Investment Treaties. IISD Best Practices Series. Winnipeg: IISD. Retrieved from: http://www.iisd.org/library/iisd-best-practices-series-performance-requirements-investment-treaties.

UNCTAD “Pink Series” (and sequels) on Issues in Investment Treaties. Retrieved from: http://unctad.org/en/pages/DIAE/International%20Investment%20Agreements%20(IIA)/UNCTAD-Series-on-issues-on-international-investment-agreements.aspx.

UNCTAD Investment Policy Hub. Comprehensive online resource on IIAs. Retrieved from: http://investmentpolicyhub.unctad.org/IIA.

UNCTAD. 2015. Investment Policy Framework for Sustainable Development (IPFSD, 2015 update). Geneva: UNCTAD.  Retrieved from: http://investmentpolicyhub.unctad.org/ipfsd.

UNCTAD. 2015. Roadmap for IIA Reform (Chapter IV of the 2015 World Investment Report),  Retrieved from http://investmentpolicyhub.unctad.org/Upload/Taking_Stock_of_IIA_Reform_IIA_Issues_Note.pdf.

 

Process

European Commission, DG External Trade (2006). Handbook for Trade Sustainability Impact Assessment.  Retrieved from: http://trade.ec.europa.eu/doclib/html/127974.htm.

Government of Canada.  Framework for Conducting Environmental Assessments of Trade Negotiations. 2001. Retrieved from: http://www.international.gc.ca/trade-agreements-accords-commerciaux/env/framework-cadre.aspx?lang=eng

UNEP. 2001. Reference Manual for the Integrated Assessment of Trade-Related Policies. New York/Geneva: UNEP. Retrieved from: http://drustage.unep.org/greeneconomy/sites/unep.org.greeneconomy/files/publications/refmaniafinal.pdf.

 

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