Circular Jobs in Finland

Modelling employment impacts resulting from circular economy interventions

The Circular Economy (CE) assessment explores the outcomes of implementing CE interventions for selected products and sectors in Finland. The areas analyzed include consumer electronics and appliances, textiles, food, mining and scrap metals, forestry and paper production, and buildings. A dynamic simulation model was developed and calibrated to the Finnish context for each of these areas.
By Andrea Bassi, Georg Pallaske on November 30, 2020

Overall, positive employment impacts are forecast for the consumer electronics and forestry sectors, mainly emerging from the high labour intensity of collection, recycling and refurbishing activities. Buildings show net employment creation in the short term, and declines in the medium and longer terms. Negative employment impacts are forecast for all other sectors, largely due to the high contribution of upstream activities to total employment, in the form of primary production of materials (e.g., food, metal ores, textiles), and a reduction of retail jobs resulting from a higher lifetime of products.

Related models are available for download, which can be viewed using software available through Vensim:


Report details

Circular Economy
Focus area
IISD and Sitra
IISD, 2020