Who benefits most from residential electricity subsidies in Jharkhand? We find a low share of benefits going to the poorest and recommend different strategies for state authorities to improve subsidy distribution.
How do fossil fuel subsidies affect competitiveness and trade in various markets, and what is the likely scale of such impacts? This paper sheds light on the relevance of fossil fuel subsidies from an international trade policy perspective, in particular for the WTO.
This report identifies knowledge gaps that are limiting policy making for better targeting of energy access subsidies in India. It identifies a number of targeting interventions that could be employed to better target subsidies for electricity and LPG.
This policy brief provides an up-to-date evidence base for WTO negotiations on fisheries subsidies by collecting the information available on fuel support to fishing from WTO subsidy notifications, WTO trade policy reviews and the OECD’s Fisheries Support Estimate database.
This GSI paper summarizes recent fossil fuel subsidy reforms in the Gulf countries of Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and Qatar, putting them in the context of wider developmental challenges and calling for more focused international support to energy pricing reforms in the region.