Summary of Key Points

It may be useful to revisit different questions and considerations presented in this guidance in more detail at different stages in the NAP process: Annex A provides an overview that you can use to quickly navigate to different parts of this document. This section provides a summary of key points to keep in mind throughout the process, which emerge from the guidance presented in the previous sections. Note that these may not be appropriate or feasible in all contexts, so they should be treated as suggestions to progress toward good practice in vertical integration.

Institutional arrangements

  • Where they are already in place, existing decentralization processes can provide entry points that facilitate effective vertical integration in the NAP process.
  • Establishing or building on mechanisms for dialogue, coordination and information sharing between actors at national and sub-national levels throughout the NAP process helps to ensure continuous and broad-based engagement in the NAP process.
  • Identifying which functions are best undertaken by actors at different levels, including non-governmental actors such as civil society organizations and the private sector, can help to delineate roles and responsibilities in adaptation planning, implementation and M&E.
  • Ensuring flexibility of institutional arrangements for the NAP process may help to respond to changes in the policy and governance context.

Information sharing

  • Consideration of the information needs of different actors throughout the process of planning, implementation and M&E helps facilitate informed decision making at all levels.
  • Establishing mechanisms for ongoing information sharing between actors at national and sub-national levels can enable learning and coordination.
  • Provision of climate information at the appropriate scale and timeframe and in accessible formats will facilitate its application by sub-national actors.
  • Facilitating dialogue between actors at different levels can help to merge scientific and indigenous climate information, to share experiences with adaptation and to ensure that adaptation actions are mutually supportive.

Capacity development

  • For an inclusive and participatory process, consider what capacities are needed in the NAP team to facilitate vertical integration, including skills related to stakeholder engagement and provision of technical assistance.
  • To realize their roles and responsibilities in relation to adaptation, sub-national actors— including local organizations—may require capacity development, including technical knowledge on adaptation as well as process-oriented skills such as inclusive facilitation and M&E.
  • The integration of capacity development strategies for relevant actors within the NAP—including in implementation and resource mobilization strategies and M&E systems—can help to ensure that resources are allocated and progress is tracked.


  • Consideration of how sub-national perspectives can best be integrated during the initiation of the NAP process enables appropriate design and sequencing of planning activities and outputs.
  • A commitment to take sub-national diversity in development needs and climate vulnerabilities into account in the NAP process can facilitate adaptation planning processes that are participatory, gender-sensitive and inclusive of vulnerable groups.
  • Where feasible and appropriate, integration of adaptation into sub-national development planning can increase sustainability and effectiveness of adaptation planning processes.


  • Consideration of how adaptation options can best be prioritized for implementation at sub-national levels—in terms of the process, which stakeholders should be involved and how criteria for prioritization will be agreed—can help to ensure that the NAP process responds to needs.
  • Sub-national actors may require support in costing of adaptation priorities and elaboration of resource mobilization approaches in order to develop implementation strategies.
  • There may be opportunities to leverage existing mechanisms for local development funding to facilitate implementation of adaptation.
  • Establishing transparent mechanisms can help to create an enabling environment for sub-national actors to access adaptation finance.


  • A comprehensive national M&E system incorporates data and information from sub-national levels, with due  consideration to how it will be collected, aggregated and synthesized.
  • Linking M&E systems with updates to the NAP process helps to ensure that sub-national experiences and learning are captured.
  • Sharing of synthesized results and strategic lessons from the M&E system with sub-national actors can support learning and integration in ongoing adaptation planning and implementation.