Opportunities for Sustainable Public Procurement in Mozambique
Public procurement—the processes used by governments for the contracting of goods, services and construction works—can promote sustainability and green growth by providing incentives for investment, innovation and scaling of sustainable enterprises, goods, services and infrastructure across the public and private sectors.
Public procurement that includes environmental, economic and social sustainability criteria is often referred to as "green" procurement or sustainable public procurement (SPP).
Although developed countries have taken the lead in promoting SPP, many developing country national and subnational governments are also designing and implementing SPP programs, often in partnership with international development organizations and research institutes. As part of its research on SPP, the International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD) has studied initiatives and supported policy-makers in Chile (Weller, Claro & Blanco, 2008), Ghana (Liebert, 2012), India (The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI), 2008), South Africa (Hanks, Davies & Perera, 2008), the State of Sao Paulo, Brazil (Brauch, 2012), and Vietnam (Hoang, Do & Perera, 2009).
In assessing a country's efforts to integrate sustainability into its procurement policies, a starting point is the domestic legal framework that governs procurement. A legal framework that consciously takes sustainability into account is the foundation on which effective SPP policies and practices are built.
This commentary presents the results of a preliminary assessment of the potential of Mozambique's "Regulation on Contracting of Public Works, Goods and Services" (Decree No. 15 of 24 May 2010) to support sustainable development and green growth. It contains a complete English translation of the Regulation and presents commentary on its provisions that are or could become most relevant to promoting SPP in Mozambique.
The analysis is intended to inspire conversation with policy-makers and procurement specialists, both in Mozambique and abroad, on how the Mozambican legal framework on public procurement can promote sustainability, whether through a sustainability-oriented interpretation of its current language or through legislative reform. Considering that Mozambique's Regulation on public procurement does not expressly take sustainability into account, this exercise is an essential starting point for discussions on how to better integrate sustainability into public procurement laws, policies and practices in Mozambique.
You might also be interested in
Gender Provisions in Trade: Opportunities for few or protection for many?
As gender-related provisions in trade agreements develop, we take stock and ask how well-suited they are to achieving gender equality objectives.
New World Trade Organization Fisheries Subsidies Text: It’s a balancing act
On May 11, 2021 the Chair of the WTO negotiations on fisheries subsidies released a new draft text for the agreement. This commentary explains how the text attempts to strike a balance on key questions in the design of new rules for support to fishing around the world.
Carbon and Controversy: Why we need global cooperation on BCAs
Ambitious climate action and concerns about economic competitiveness and fair burden sharing require a collaborative discussion, not trade wars.
Fear of climate change rust belt has governments considering carbon border levy
If you thought Canada's domestic carbon tax was controversial, just wait for its new global equivalent now being negotiated behind closed doors, say Canadians who have been following its progress.