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IISD publishes objective, independent, high-quality research, including books, reports, and other materials covering sustainable development themes.  

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Progress and Challenges in Achieving Vertical Integration in Adaptation Processes

The quality and effectiveness of a National Adaptation Plan (NAP) process largely depends on the extent to which it represents the realities of climate change at local levels and supports their adaptation efforts. The objective of this briefing note is to reflect on the experiences of several countries with vertical integration.
Brief September 15, 2021

Healing the Ozone Layer Through Diplomacy

The Montreal Protocol shows what is possible when science, diplomacy, and business cooperate to implement international environmental agreements.
Long-form article September 13, 2021