November 24, 2016 |Cooperative, non-market and country-led—that was the order of the day when it came to fossil fuel subsidy reform (FFSR) at the UN Climate Change Conference (UNFCCC) from November 7–19 in Marrakech, Morocco. Across the two weeks, the conference attracted some 22,500 participants, and there were several side events held in English and French on the issue of FFSR (a full listing is available here). Events and discussions covering FFSR focused on early action and implementation of the phase-out of fossil fuel subsidies given the current window of opportunity afforded by low oil prices. They addressed lowering the total value of fossil fuel subsidies to consumers, reducing the cost to governments of reform, as well as efforts to phase out upstream subsidies to fossil fuel producers.
November 17, 2016 |Two news stories this week, emerging from either side of the Atlantic, encapsulate the climate change conundrum. The message coming from hundreds of civil society organizations, scientists and policy-makers gathered at the climate change conference in Marrakech (COP 22) has been the fact that, in order to keep climate change within 2 degrees, three quarters of the known reserves of oil, gas and coal need to stay in the ground.
Blog: How Electricity Subsidy Reform Can Benefit Indonesia
October 27, 2016 |
The Government of Indonesia has been considering a new wave of electricity subsidy reforms since January 2016—delaying its plans twice now for a combination of political and practical reasons.
September 9, 2016 |Indonesia has a longstanding relationship with energy subsidies. For more than 40 years, these subsidies have been part of the lives of millions of Indonesians every day. For good and bad.
September 1, 2016 |In the past few weeks and months, Ukrainian media has been peppered with diametrically opposed pieces of analysis and commentary on energy pricing and energy subsidy reform. On one side, the central government, with the support of international donors, as well as Naftogaz, the national gas supplier, is running an information campaign on why energy subsidy reform is a much-needed move for Ukraine. On the other side, there are continued reports of city councils and populist parties' activists protesting against the “unconstitutional” decision of the central government to increase tariffs for gas and electricity according to an accelerated schedule.
Commentary: Meeting Canada's Subsidy Phase-Out Goal: What it means in Saskatchewan
August 29, 2016 |
Saskatchewan has taken steps to address its greenhouse gas emissions, most notably through the implementation of carbon capture and storage technology. This is definitely a step in the right direction in addressing climate change.
August 9, 2016 |Saskatchewan has taken steps to address its greenhouse gas emissions, most notably through the implementation of carbon capture and storage technology. This is definitely a step in the right direction in addressing climate change.
How Much Again? The Cost of All Subsidies to the Hinkley Point C Nuclear Power Plant Should be Reviewed
August 2, 2016 |On July 29th the UK government announced that the final decision to build Hinkley Point C—what could become the first nuclear power station to be constructed in the UK for more than two decades—will be postponed pending a review of the project.
July 26, 2016 |On 28 June, Indonesia’s government and parliament reached consensus on the revised state budget for 2016. The budget is an important indicator for Indonesia’s subsidies to fossil fuels in the year ahead. This blog provides an overview.
July 13, 2016 |Delhi—4 May— The Global Subsidies Initiative (GSI) of the International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD) recently organized a ministerial-level event in Delhi entitled “National Dialogue on Subsidies for Energy Access.” The event was organized in cooperation with the Council on Energy, Environment and Water (CEEW) on 4 May, 2016.
July 11, 2016 |Kerosene is used by millions of households in rural India to meet basic lighting needs, and subsidies have long been used to make the fuel more affordable. But for health, safety and environmental reasons, a switch to solar power is better—and more affordable in the absence of kerosene subsidies.
What Can You Afford in a Year Without Fuel Subsidies? Financing Development with the Reallocation of Indonesia’s Gasoline and Diesel Subsidies
June 13, 2016 |For a long time, the international community has talked about the benefits that can be created by removing wasteful fossil-fuel subsidies and freeing up expenditure for more worthwhile things—but little analysis has looked at how this works out in practice. In large part, this is because so few countries, including among the G-20, have implemented ambitious and successful reforms.
Commentary: Meeting Canada's Subsidy Phase-Out Goal: What it means in Ontario
June 8, 2016 |
In May 2016 the Government of Canada, along with other G-7 countries, committed to a much needed timeline to phase out fossil fuel subsidies.
Government Subsidies to Fossil Fuels are 22 Times Larger than Government Support to Adaptation on Climate Change
June 2, 2016 |25 May—Bonn, Germany—Over the last two weeks, countries met in Bonn to discuss the implementation of the 2015 Paris Agreement on Climate Change. Fiscal instruments—such as fossil fuel subsidy reform, fuel duty and carbon taxation—were raised throughout the meeting, which was supported by the Global Subsidies Initiative of IISD and the Friends of Fossil Fuel Subsidy Reform (Friends of FFSR).
April 29, 2016 |20-21 April—Beijing—Coal remains central to the energy sector in China despite the impact on air pollution and greenhouse gas emissions. Recognizing the problems associated with coal use, China has embarked on a programme to gradually reduce the role of coal and develop cleaner forms of energy. A key first step to breaking the hold of coal on the energy sector is to stop providing subsidies to the industry.
April 28, 2016 |15 April—Washington D.C.—For the fourth consecutive year, the Friends of Fossil Fuel Subsidy Reform organized a high-level event on energy subsidy reform in Washington D.C.
Blog: Talking Energy Subsidy Reform in the Ukrainian Parliament
April 26, 2016 |The roundtable on the theme of “Energy subsidies in Ukraine and progress of reform” was jointly held by the Committee on Fuel and the Energy Complex, Nuclear Policy and Nuclear Safety of the Parliament of Ukraine and the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) in Kyiv on April 25, 2016. This was the second in the series of events linked to the OECD-led project “Inventory of Energy Subsidies in the EU’s Eastern Partnership Countries", supported by the IISD Global Subsidies Initiative (IISD-GSI) and consultants in Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia and Ukraine. A draft report on "Energy subsidies in Ukraine" (available in English and Ukranian) was prepared by IISD-GSI to inform the discussion.
March 16, 2016 |In 2015, the Indian government introduced nationwide changes to the system of domestic liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) subsidies, replacing integrated consumer price subsidies with bank transfers through the Direct Benefit Transfer for LPG (DBTL) scheme.
February 19, 2016 |16 February 2016—Geneva—The Global Subsidies Initiative (GSI) of the International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD) hosted a webinar on the climate change impacts of USD 500 billion of government subsidies to fossil fuels. The webinar was chaired by Peter Wooders, Group Director, Energy, IISD, who outlined the importance of fiscal instruments and mitigation efforts in light of the UNFCCC agreement and the ambitious efforts of the Friends of Fossil Fuel Subsidy Reform in promoting an international communiqué on the issue.
Blog: Fossil Fuel Subsidy Reform: Big at the Climate Talks and in the Agreement?
December 21, 2015 |
World leaders hailed that the climate change agreement, agreed on Saturday 12 December, was important and significant in terms of setting the framework for government action in the coming years. In this blog, the Global Subsidies Initiative (GSI) examines both the text of the agreement as well as the events and activities that took place throughout COP21 in Paris with regards to fossil fuel subsidy reform and the phased removal of around US$600 billion of government subsidies to fossil fuels. In summary, there was much momentum on the side-lines of the negotiating process. The content of the agreement itself, from the perspective of moving the issue of fossil fuel subsidy reform, is also a very positive step in the right direction for setting the framework and rules of the game on climate action.